Peruvian diplomat, born January 19, 1920 in Lima. The UN Secretary-General from 1982 until 1991.
He studied at the Catholic University of his hometown. In addition to being a lawyer, in 1944 he was Professor of international law and was admitted to the diplomatic career. He was Ambassador of his country in Switzerland from 1964 to 1966 and, at the same time, the Soviet Union and Poland, from 1969 to 1971. He represented Peru before the Governments of France, Britain, Brazil, Switzerland, Soviet Union and the United Nations. In 1975 he was appointed representative of the UN in Cyprus for two years. He took part in Zambia, Afghanistan and Indo-China as Assistant Secretary-General for special political questions. In 1979 he returned to the diplomatic service of the Peru and from January 1982 to December 1991 served as the UN Secretary-General, succeeding Kurt Waldheim. During the invasion of Iraq to Kuwait played an unsuccessful role in the conflict, which led to the Persian Golfo Guerra and a month later which ended with the withdrawal of Iraqi troops from the Emirate.
In 1986, was re-elected Secretary general of the United Nations and in 1987 was awarded the Prince of Asturias Award cooperation Ibero-American, "by promoting Ibero-American cooperation". In 1991 the Ministry of foreign criminal Spanish awarded him the order of Isabella the Catholic. That same year he left the post of Secretary-General of the United Nations. In 1994 he accepted to stand as a candidate for the Presidency of his country, supported by the opposition to Fujimori parties; in the 1995 elections, Pérez de Cuellar came within 20 points of President Alberto Fujimori. During the Transitional Government of Valentín Paniagua Corazao, Pérez de Cuéllar was President of the Council of Ministers and Minister of foreign relations of Peru from November 2000 to July 2001. Between 2002 and December 2004 he held the position of Ambassador of Peru in France and to Unesco. It holds the permanent position of Peru Ambassador on special mission of the Peruvian State.
His performances as a mediator and negotiator in politics have earned the recognition of the international community, what is shown in the numerous prizes and awards that he has received throughout his political career, among which is the aforementioned Prince of Asturias Award, Athina Onassis Prize (1991), and Four Freedom Award (1992); In addition, it has been invested doctor Honoris causa of several universities, and is a member of the French Academy of moral and political sciences.
On July 22, 2005 he suffered a heart attack which was treated in a hospital in Paris, where a few days later (July 30) came with the medical discharge.
In 2010, on the occasion of his 90th birthday, he received a tribute at the new headquarters of the program of United Nations for development, in Lima, called "Complex Javier Pérez de Cuéllar". In August of the same year, Pérez de Cuéllar donated all their decorations to display them in the Cultural Center Inca Garcilaso, dependence of the Peruvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. During the ceremony, he announced that "it is not a present, it is a reward. I am returning what they learned in so many years of service to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs".
Pérez de Cuéllar is author of the right diplomat (Manual of Diplomatic Law) Manual, 1964, and work for peace pilgrimage (Pilgrimage for peace), published in English, in New York; as well as numerous speeches.