Biography of August Perret (1874-1954)

French architect, born in 1874 (Brussels) and died in 1954 (Paris). In the year 1897 left the career end at l' École des Beaux Arts (Paris), thus leaving the path of his master Julien Guadet and beginning to work for his father who was Builder and specialist in reinforced concrete.

In 1905 he founded with his brother Gustave a. & G. Perret Architectes, little more late and in collaboration with his other brother Claude, the construction company Perret Frères Entrepeneurs.El starting point of its architecture is in the Wragan Paris Avenue (1902) where manifest a return to the classical tradition.His first important work was the apartment building in the Rue Franklin (Paris, 1903), whose project presents a facade composed of neoclassical manner based on plastic values and maintaining alignment on ground floor. The structure is manifested as a seen item on the façade that makes its way back. This work presents stays composed with Historicism in addition academic compositional method of short walls with large spaces. It is the announcement the use of concrete in the façade and the separation of the structure of the filling to leave flown architecture.The use of concrete as a valid method for any structure of the building, both present in facade element are key issues in its work.It is considered by many as the father of the concrete, it would be the first to use it as constructive and structural element in addition to ornamental element and distributor who presents sometimes naked abroad in some of his works. This has been reinterpreted and used with the same intention by a great number of Architects after August Perret.Fue along with Tony Garnier architect more representative and innovative new French classicism which appeared in Paris at the beginning of the 20th century.Throughout his life made an academic architecture, neo-classical-minded, without a breakthrough in the way of composing or in the decorate.His subsequent project, the Garage Pontheu (1905) used the concrete in a similar way serving as well as large glass filled leaving the grid view in front again.It is also important to note of his works, the theatre des Champs-Elysées (Paris, 1911 / 1912), which was first designed by Henry van de Velde: is clearly a neo-classical work with concrete skeleton. During the twenty years he devoted himself to exploit the possibilities of the concrete to get a new image through the stained glass windows by whitewashed concrete of the churches. He made the outer walls of the Church of Notre - Dame de Paris (1922-1923).In 1937 built the Musee des Travaux Publics, and in the postwar years he was mainly which was his last project, the Church of Saint-Joseph.La relevance of Perret's architecture is very important since the first to use the structure of the concrete as a valid method for the structure of the building, gets so as to create a skeleton and forgotten in some way to the problem of charges to care for others.

Bibliography

Benevolent, Leonardo: History of modern architecture. Barcelona, Ed. Gustavo Gili, 1994.

BRU, e. & Mateo, j. l.: contemporary European architecture. Barcelona, Ed. Gustavo Gili, 1987.

Frampton, k.: History criticism of modern architecture. Barcelona, Ed. Gustavo Gili, 1994.

Piccinato, g.: Contemporary architecture in France. Barcelona, 1969