Biography of Camilo Pessanha (1867-1926)

Portuguese poet, born on September 7, 1867 in Coimbra and died the first March 1926 in Macau, where, after graduating in law in his hometown, he was Professor and held a position in the judiciary. His few verses, included in Clepsidra (1920) poems, represent the most significant moment of Portuguese Symbolist movement.

The poetry of Camilo Pessanha, debtor in turn of Verlaine by musicality and power evocative, influenced the outstanding generation of Orpheu, guided by Pessoa, Sá-Carneiro, who called him "great ritmista", and Almada-Negreiros.Clepsidra he divided into two distinct parts: "Sonnets" and "Poetry", 23 and 22 compositions respectively. In all the poems he practiced a rigorous metric elegance and a refined essentiality lexical; each word, almost every one of the phonemes that make up a verse, are balanced and subject to an infallible order. Some of the Portuguese soul, pessimism and the idea of fate, are also present in Pessanha, but them contrasts poetic images of great visual intensity:

"Muriente water"

My eyes turned off, see the water fall.The eaves of roofs, falling, always falling.

The eaves of roofs, falling, nearly perish... my eyes off, and tired of seeing.

My eyes, ahogaosen vain room sadness, caed and derramaoscomo muriente water.

Fifteen poems of Clepsidra were published, from the hand of Luís de Montalvor, Centaur magazine in 1916, and the complete edition appeared four years later thanks to the friends of the poet Doña Ana de Castro Osorio and his son João paid for and organized the book. Camilo Pessanha also wrote critical essays on Chinese culture and poetic translations of the Chinese collected posthumously with the title of China (1944).

Links on the Internet

http://alfarrabio.um.geira.pt/vercial/pessanha.htm