Biography of Pere Pintor (1420-1503)

Spanish physician, born in Xàtiva (Valencia) in 1420 and died in Rome in 1503.

Born in a judeoconversa family, he/she studied medicine at the University of Lleida in the Decade of the 1940s. He/She was then devoted to the exercise of the profession in Valencia, where he/she was appointed medical examiner in 1455, 1466 and 1478 and 1481. It was also one of the driving of the "study" for surgeons founded in the city in 1462, and Professor of the same during the courses 1468-1469, 1474-1475 1484-1485. It was one of the physicians of Rodrigo Borgia and, when this was elected Pope with the name of Alejandro VI (1492), accompanied him to Rome, where he/she remained until his death. Doctor Lluís Alcanyíswas fought, thus, of the harsh repression that the Conversos suffered in Valencia at the beginning of the 16th century, which killed among others many.

Painter published two works. The first of these, entitled Aggregator sententiarum et curatione (1499) pestilentie preservatione omnium doctorum, deals epidemic suffered in Rome since August 1493 until the autumn of 1494. It interprets its origin in astrological terms, scoring his remission during the winter months. Although the description is unclear, there is no doubt is not the plague, as it has been without the text, but an epidemic of typhus fever that corresponds to the so-called "marannica pestis", because its introduction in Italy was attributed to the Jews who had just be expelled from Spain.

Most important is the second work of painter, which is dedicated to the syphilis: De morbo foedo et occulto, his temporibus affligente (1500). Although it was not included in the well-known collection of text sifiliograficos Luigi Livigini (1566), in the 18th century his interest was highlighted by clinicians as Domenico Cotugno and Antonio Nunes Riveiro Sánchez, and was reprinted in the Christian G. Grüner large collection of Luvigini (1789). In the next century, as Heinrich Haeser authority considered it as "one of the main sources on the early spread of the disease and one of the more precise descriptions of his symptoms". The original edition is a notebook in 4th, printed in Gothic characters, 44 pages unnumbered. It includes twenty-two chapters, preceded by an introduction and followed by a brief speech aimed at moving VI. The same as in the previous work, painter interprets the origin of the disease-based fundamentally of an adverse astrological conjunction.

In his excellent clinical description is the study of "pustules", which claims are quite dry and may appear to the ninth, fourteenth and twentieth day: "in some patients are very numerous and other scarce. Occupy in some across the head and face, and other parts of the body are clean. In others, they occupy all the belly and nothing in the rest of the body appears. In many, they occupy hips and legs, and some are spread throughout the body." From a humoralista perspective also considers its relationship with the pains, that describes in the following terms: "Suffering strong pains which affected almost all parts of the body, with different intensity in such a way that an hour they were located in the head, another in the legs and arms and also muscles, being highest during the night." This painter's work was plagued by the German physician Wendelin Hock in his Mentagra (1514).



Aggregator sententiarum et curatione pestilentie preservatione omnium doctorum, Rome, E. Silber, 1499. Of morbid occulto, his temporibus affligente et foedo, Rome, E. Silber, 1500 (reprinted as already mentioned, by Gruner in 1789).


MONTEJO and ROBLEDO: "Note on a rare book of Pedro Pintor" in the century doctor, 4 (1857), 95.HAESER, Heinrich: Geschichte der epidemischen Krankheiten, Jena, G. Fisher, 1822, pp. 236-237, 261-165, PROKSEN, Johann 173.KARL: Die Literatur über die venerischen Krankheiten, Bonn, P. Hanstein, 1889, pp. 6-17.lopez PIÑERO, J. M.: Classic Valencian doctors of the 16th century. Valencia, Consellería de Sanitat i Consum, 1990, pp.21-23.

José María López Piñero