Biography of Erwin Piscator (1893-1966)

Director and theoretician of the German Theatre. He was born in Ulm, in 1893, and died in Starnberg, Bavaria, in 1966. He studied at the school of dramatic art in Munich, and in 1920 founded in Königsberg Theatre Court, where mounted works by Strindberg, Wedekind, etc. He settled in Berlin, came into contact with M. Reinhardt and adopted a repertoire of proletarian character at the Volksbühne theatre. It experienced a form of didactic show, which then B. Brecht applied with the Berliner Ensemble, in epic theatre. In 1927 its designs on the revolutionary Theater did break away from the direction of the Volksbühne and founded their own theatre, the Piscatorbühne, which opened with the work of Toller Hoppa, wir leben. With the Piscatorbühne led to its scenic and ideological principles of political theater. His masterpiece was the adventures of bravo soldier Schwejk, arrangement of Bertolt Brecht J. Hasek part. In 1939 he emigrated to the United States, where he directed the dramatic workshop of the school of social research, and collaborated with T. Williams, A. Miller, etc. In 1951 he returned to Germany and became the Manager of the new Volksbühne in Berlin. He wrote the book the political theater, in 1929.

He was responsible for many innovations that characterize the modern theatre and the first to use documentaries, cartoons and posters. It combined the domain of the Max Reinhardt spectacle with the social commitment of Brecht and the tactical impact of expressionism.