Biography of René Pleven (1901-1993)

French politician, Minister of Justice from 1969 to 1973, born on April 15, 1901 in Rennes and died on January 13, 1993 in the same city.

He studied at the school of political science in Paris and then joined the private company as director for Europe of the company Automatic Telephone (1929-1939). Belonging to the free French forces after the Armistice with Germany in June 1940, served as a bridge between the resistance movement internal and general de Gaulle in London as a member of the Committee of coordination Franco-britanico. He also negotiated with the Government of the United States shipment of war (1941) and served numerous posts on the Executive in exile: Secretary general to Equatorial Africa (1940), National Commissioner for Economics, finance and colonies (1941-1942), National Commissioner of Foreign Affairs and colonies (October 24, 1942-February 7, 1943). It followed in the first Provisional Government of 1944 as Minister of colonies and finance, since it remained until 1946, when Gaulle decided to retire. On December 26, 1945 was devalued franc according to your plan. Between 1949 and 1950 he held the portfolio of national defense.

Elected Deputy for Côtes-du-Nord in 1945, collaborated in starting up of the Democratic Union and Social of the resistance (UDSR), which was his sole representative at numerous headquarters of the Council of Ministers in the Fourth Republic (see Gaullism). He held this position on two occasions, between July 12, 1950 and February 28, 1951, and on August 10, 1951 and on January 7, 1952, in addition to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1958 (from 14 May to 1 June). It should be noted that its first Executive component parties of the 'third force', that is, the UDSR, the Radical Socialist Party, the section French of the Socialist International (SFIO) and the movement of Republicans (MRP); in the second, he dispensed with the SFIO.

On October 23, 1950 he presented a project on a European army ("Pleven Plan"), which would include German contingent and would be submitted to a supranational high authority and a joint staff. The Community Treaty of European Defense (CED) was signed by six States (France, Germany, Italy, Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg) 27 May 1952 in Paris, and that same year Pleven took the Ministry of Defense to keep it close. However, the refusal of, precisely, the French Assembly (vote against communists and Gaullists) to ratify it on August 30, 1954, due to its high degree of supranationality, was the burial of the project. CED was the first and last attempt to create a specifically European military organization, being much more advanced than the current design Western European Union (WEU).

During the V Republic Pleven belonged to the Democratic Center (CD), which in 1969 split with Jacques Duhamel to form the Center for democracy and progress (in 1976 both formations they would join in the center of the Social Democrats). In 1969, he supported the presidential candidacy of Georges Pompidou, who took him as Justice Minister until 1973, year in which left his seat at Côtes-du-Nord. It continued until 1976 as Chairman of its General Council, which had agreed in 1948, and between 1974 and 1976 was also the Regional Council of Brittany.