Soviet politician, head of State of the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) between 1965 and 1977, born on February 18, 1903 in Karlovka (Ukraine) and died on January 12, 1983, in Moscow.
Proletarian family, he studied at the faculty working in Kyiv and graduated as an agricultural engineer by the Instituto Tecnológico de capital said. He obtained the post of comisario-diputado by the food industry and directed a specialized Institute in Moscow. After the second world war, he was sent back to Ukraine, where he met Nikita Kruschov, who will help when it comes time for the stalinization, but also in the Defenestration of 1964 will take part. Member of the Communist Party since 1930, joined the Central Committee in 1956 and reached the Secretariat of this organ in 1963. A year later he competed with Leonid Brezhnev to the Secretary general left vacant by Kruschov.
When on December 9, 1965 Anastas Mikoyan resigned as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, Podgorny replaced him in a position that was, in the absence of the figure, to the Presidency of the Union. In the following years integrated with Brezhnev in front of the party and A. Kosygin in the Council of Ministers, which was called "collegial management" or troika of Soviet power.
It was usually run foreign policy decisions and represent the State at events, ceremonial, such as receptions of foreign leaders or the signing of agreements. Thus, in November 1966, he visited Austria, on January 15, 1971 travelled to Egypt to attend the opening of the Aswan Dam and next October 12 took part in the acts of the 2500 anniversary of the Persian Empire in the ruins of Persepolis. 25-29 May 1971 he had returned to Egypt to sign the Treaty of Amity and cooperation with that country. In September 1971 he travelled to India, Burma and Viet Nam in the North, and in 1967 Jan was received by the Pope in the first meeting between the head of the Catholic Church and a leader of the USSR. On 11 April 1972 he made another historic trip to Turkey.
On May 24, 1977 the removal of Podgorny of the Supreme Soviet and the Politburo was announced, and 16 June following he was replaced at the head of the State by the own Brezhnev, where it was confirmed the end of the formula of Division of powers, otherwise always more formal than real. He suggested then that Podgorny would have opposed détente with the United States, but in any case it was away from scene in accordance with the initiatives of Brezhnev to consolidate its position, supported legally under the new Constitution.
Podgorny continued to be seen for some time at some public events, but then withdrew to anonymity.