Biography of Hans Poelzig (1869-1936)

German architect, born in Berlin in 1869 and died in 1936 in Berlin. He studied at the Technische Hochschule Berlin-Charlottenburg (Dresden) where it would later be Professor.

During his student days he worked with Hugo Hartung to the year 1899, where he passes, for some time, working on the Preubisches Staatsbauamt.En 1903 was named next director Peter Behrens School of Arts and crafts in Breslau, which had already worked as Professor of Stylistics, occupying the position for thirteen years.In 1911 he established definitely as an architect in Breslau. The same year to build for Posen a water tank and a clearly structured office building. These two works configured a formal language subsequently reused by other architects.In 1912 he made (Luban) chemicals factory, aimed at the treatment of sulphuric acid. It aims to give a different image of the industrial world that could compete with the model designed by Peter Behrens for AEG of Berlin (1909) turbine factory. It is a factory made in brick with a clear stepping and asymmetric game of volumes. Emphasizes the use of the thermal, vain with appearance of Spa, to the area of boilers, inspired by the initial project for the water tower.In 1916 was appointed city architect and Professor at the Technische Hochschule of Dresde.En 1919 already occupied the post of the Chairman of the Werkbund and was aligned with the supporters of the Kunstwollen.pertenecio to a society called friends of the Bauhaus between which also included figures such as H.P. Berlague, E. Fischer, J. Hoffman, Peter Behrens and whose intention was to help Walter Gropius in the difficult years.This master of the art, which belongs to the modern movement, always made clear his affinity with the glass chain. It would be he who take reality the quintessence of the image of the city Crown with the Grose Schauspielhaus Theater in Berlin.este Theatre built in 1919 was a work for Max Reindhart, and availed themselves of a pre-existing structure to design a monumental auditorium with a capacity for 5,000 people. The truly shocking was the coronation inside the dome composed by multitude of stalactites of various shapes and sizes that possessed small reflectors on each end to transform the light. It was his last fully expressionist work.Since 1924 he combined his classes at the Technische Hochschule in Berlin with which they also taught at the Preubische Akademie der Kunste.en the twenties made some theatrical and film scenarios such as the one made in 1920 to Paul Wegner and Carl Boese for his film El Golem.En 1924 built the Capitol-Kino in Berlin with which returns to its criptoclasica position.In the mid-1930s he conducted projects in Turkey where already had been working previously in 1917 in his Freundschaffshauss (House of friendship).Renuevo his repertoire somewhat at the end of his life, dying in 1936 without can definitely move to Istanbul.

Bibliography

Angeli, f.: Hans Poelzig: scritti. Milan, 1978.

Benevolent, l.: history of modern architecture. Barcelona, Ed. Gustavo Gili, 1994.

BRU, e. & Mateo, j. l.: contemporary European architecture. Barcelona, Ed. Gustavo Gili, 1987.

Frampton, k.: History criticism of modern architecture. Barcelona, Ed. Gustavo Gilli, 1994.