American filmmaker, born July 1, 1934 in Lafayette (Indiana) and died on May 26, 2008.
Sydney Pollack belonged to the first generation of Americans descended from Russian Jews who settled in the United States. He graduated from the Institute of Indiana, his home town, and then moved to New York to enroll in the Neighborhood Playhouse in Greenwich Village, under the supervision of Sanford Meisner. Completed his studies there, he served two years in the army before returning to Greenwich Village, this time as a teacher.
His relationship with the media began in television and as an actor, and after working under the orders of John Frankenheimer in a production for the small screen, returned to shoot with him, this time as a supervisor of dialogues in a film production, the young savages (1961). His first work as a director however held on television, media in which he directed episodes of Alfred Hitchcok presents (1955), which initially were thirty minutes and during the last two seasons (in 1964 and 1965) became one hour episodes and renamed The Alfred Hitchcock Hour. During the first half of the sixties, Pollack also took charge of some episodes of series that now form part of the history of American television: The Defenders, the fugitive or Ben Casey, among others.
His first film as a film director began with an article by Shana Alexander. Life is worth more (1965), which was facing Sidney Poitier and Anne 7Bancroft in a dramatic story, had as screenwriter Stirling Silliphant, and Quincy Jones was inspired in the same city where it rolled, Seattle, to compose the soundtrack. His next title, inexplicably, did not obtain the success of criticism or public deserved. Based on the work of Tennessee Williams, condemned property (1966) was rewritten for the screen by Francis Ford Coppola and starring Robert Redford and Natalie Wood, who, despite all the elements against earned a Golden Globe nomination as best actress.
1969 would be a year lucky for the director. William Eastlake novel resulted in the fortress, a story set at the end of World War II, which starred Burt Lancaster, an actor known for Pollack; and the novel by Horace McCoy was transferred to the screen in dance, dance, damn, story set in the 1930s that Pollack took the opportunity to talk about the self-destructive tendency of society and the struggle for survival that certain individuals develop as a response. Gig Young won an Oscar as best supporting actor, but the film was nominated for eight more, including best film, best director, and Jane Fonda and Sussanah York as best actress and best supporting actress respectively.
The Decade of the seventies was very fruitful for the director. Opened it with the adventures of Jeremiah Johnson, an emblematic and atypical film in the career of Robert Redford, (1972) who returned to direct his next production, as we were (1973), with Barbra Streisand, who was nominated for the Oscar. Music and song that gave title to the film, took the award, and the film became a success.
Pollack directed back to Robert Redford in three days of the condor (1975), based on the novel by James Grady; an intriguing story that got the Oscar nomination for his production. Changing of gender, that same year Pollack directed Robert Mitchum in Yakuza (1975), one of the few American productions of Japan respecting data about Japanese culture. Brilliantly catching the spirit of the seventies, but in different ways, Pollack released his two following films successfully. A moment, a life (1977) put a Al Pacino at the orders of the director, embodying a racing driver who falls for a sick terminal. He returned to work with Robert Redford and Jane Fonda in a fable about liberty in the electric Horseman (1979).
Socially involved in each one of the times that portrays, Pollack began the 1980s with absence of malice (1981) and continued with Tootsie (1982). In both the media portrays. In a manner more dramatic (analyzing the guarantee of freedom of the press) in the first, starring Paul Newman and Sally Field; and with more superficial dyes, which surround an actor unemployed - played by Dustin Hoffman - in the maelstrom of the fact, in the second. Tootsie gave to Jessica Lange the opportunity to receive an Oscar for best actress. Although, undoubtedly his most award-winning movie arrived in 1985. Out of Africa won seven Oscar, including best screenplay (adapted from the memoirs of writer Isak Dinesen, by screenwriter Kurt Luedtke), director, photography, and film.
His next title, already in the early 1990s, was Havana (1990), returning to his fetish actor Robert Redford. For many critics the film mixed dyes of Casablanca reminiscent of out of Africa. The truth is that the history, filmed in part at a military base Dominican, had the force of former director titles, although the soundtrack was nominated to the Oscar and the Golden Globes. Pollack did not allow that the success of his next work to escape her hands. The lid (1993), based on the John Grisham bestseller called Tom Cruise and Gene Hackman in a thriller built with expertise that was a box office hit. Accustomed to change gender in each movie, Pollack dared with the work of Samuel A. Taylor to check in a new version a very risky title. Sabrina (1995) explored the chemistry between the veteran Harrison Ford and a British actress who the public knew by legends of passion (1994) and the first Knight (1995): Julia Ormond.
In 2005 signed the interpreter, a thriller protragonizado by Nicole Kidman in which a United Nations interpreter is wrapped in an international political plot. Also that year presented the documentary Sketches for Frank Gehry, a personal view by the architecture of the Canadian Grandmaster, personal friend of the own Pollack.
Pollack race not it has circumscribed, however, only to the address. As a producer, added to his titles as successes: the fabulous Baker Boys (1989), Presunto innocent (1990), two lives in an instant (1998), the talented Mr. Ripley (1999) or the mystery of the villa (2000). Among his most remembered titles as player husbands and women (1992), are orders of Woody Allen or Eyes Wide Shut (1999), the last movie Stanley Kubrick filmed.
(from 1975 is producing all its movies)
1965: The life is worth more. 1966: Condemned property. 1968: The way of revenge. 1969: The fortress; Dance, dance, damn. 1972: The adventures of Jeremiah Jonson. 1973: as we were. 1975: Yakuza; The three days of the condor. 1977: An instant, a vida.1979: the electric Horseman. 1981: Absence of malicia.1982: Tootsie (and actor). 1985: memories of Africa.1990: Habana.1993: the tapadera.1995: Sabrina. 1999: Random Hearts (and actor). 2005: the interpreter; Sketches of Frank Gehry.
1980: Honeysuckle Rose. 1984: Songwriter; Sandfrod Meisner: The American Theatre completo Best Kept Secret (and actor). 1988: Bright Lights, Big City. 1989: The fabulous Baker Boys. 1990: White Palace; Presumed innocent. 1991: Ralph, a King; Dead Again. 1992: Leaving Normal. 1993: Flesh and Bone; Looking for Bobby Fisher. 1995: Sense and sensibility. 1998: Two lives in an instant. 1999: The talented Mr. Ripley. 2000: The mystery of the villa. 2001: Heaven; 20 Billion. 2002: The quiet american.2003: Cold mountain; In the name of love; Forty shades of blue; The interpreter; Sketches of Frank Gehry.
As an actor:
1962: War Hunt. 1992: Death Becomes Her; The Player; John Barry-Moviola; Husbands and women. 1998: A civil Action. 1999: Eyes Wide Shut.
Works for television:
1955: Alfred Hitchcock Presents (actor and Director of some episodes). 1959: The Twilight Zone (actor); The Deputy (dir. of dialogues); The Turn of the Screw (dir. of dialogues). 1961: Ben Casey (series, director). 1962: The Alfred Hitchcock Hour (series, dir. of some episodes). 1963: the fugitive (serie, add some episodes). 1992: crazy for you (series, actor). 1993: Frasier (series). 1994: Inside the Actor's Studio (actor). 1997: Just Shoot (series, actor). 1998: Will and Grace (series, actor); Independent completo Day (actor); Poodle Springs (producer); Bronx County (producer). 1999: The Directors (actor).