Biography of Calin Popescu-Tariceanu (1952-VVVV)

Romanian politician, born on January 14, 1952. He/She was proclaimed Prime Minister of Romania in December 2004.

He made Bachelor of computer science and mathematics at the University of Bucharest, and graduated as a hydraulic expert by the Institute of construction. After completing his studies, in 1976, he/she worked as an expert for the national administration of waters in Arges. A year later he/she returned to Bucharest, where he/she worked in industrial development projects implemented during the term of the dictator Nicolae Ceausescu. In 1980, Calin Popescu returned to academia and played works for teaching and research on water treatment in the Faculty of hydraulic techniques of the University of Bucharest until the year 1991, when the regime of the Romanian Communist Party was overthrown by a coup d'etat and was established democracy in the country, from the hands of the National Salvation Front.

In 1990, Calin Popescu and other intellectuals of the time formed the Liberal National Party (NLP), chaired by the well-known anti-Communist leader, Radu Campeanu. Calin Popescu, who began his political career, at the time that launched Radio Contact, the first station in the country's private character was appointed head of the General Secretariat.

The National Liberal Party was premiered in the elections in May 1990, with the aim of snatching power in front of national salvation, led by Ion Iliescu. The presidential threw a second place for Radu Campeanu and gave the victory in front of national salvation. In legislative elections in the same year, the results were even worse for the Liberal National Party, but despite the overwhelming defeat, Calin Popescu won a seat in Parliament and in the same direction.

In 1991, the Democratic Convention of Romania (CDR), the liberal-led coalition was constituted Ion Campeanu and composed of a large number of formations: National Liberal Party, national Campesino-Cristiano Democratic Party (PNTCD) of Corneliu Coposu, the civic Alliance Party of Nicolae Manolescu, Romanian ecologist movement and party Social Democrat Romanian of Sergiu Cunescu, the Romanian ecologist Federation. It came with the intention of creating a large group capable of snatching power in front of National Salvation; but the election of Emil Constantinescu as a candidate for the presidential elections of 1996, caused a split in the bosom of the Democratic Convention of Romania. Radu Campeanu believed that he/she would be the candidate and refused to the Liberal national party to come to the legislative elections together with the coalition. This refusal blew a major crisis in the NLP, which resulted in the appearance of two fronts: the young section, led by Viorel Catarama and Horia Mircea; and the Democratic Convention with Nicolae Cerveni front. Calin Popescu decanted by the faction of the youth section, resigned as Secretary general of the Liberal National Party and resigned to stand as a candidate for Member of Parliament. In this period it put aside its functions within the political landscape and devoted their efforts to the private company. He/She became director-general of Radio Contact and participated in a business of import of vehicles. It was so successful in the automotive industry who was appointed President of the Association of manufacturers and importers of automobiles.

At the beginning of 1993, the National Liberal Party stabilized its position and during the celebration of its annual Assembly, Calin Popescu was appointed Vice President of the PNL. Despite the apparent normality of the formation, the resignations occurred between its militants. Horia Mircea supporters founded the Liberal Party 93, which years later joined the faction Democratic Convention of Nicolae Cerveni and together formed the Liberal Party. Radu Campeanu allied himself with the rest of dissidents and formed his own party, the national party Liberal-Campeanu. All these formations had not much future, eventually, most of its members returned to the ranks of the Liberal National Party.

The PNL returned to join the Democratic Convention of Romania, at the end of 1995, and participated in the general elections of 1996 along with this coalition. The Alliance of Ion Iliescu, of the Social Democracy Party of Romania was defeated both in the presidential elections, won by the liberal Emil Constantinescu, as in the legislative, in which Calin Popescu got a seat of Deputy Representative of Bucharest. The new Executive was composed thanks to the coalition between the National Liberal Party and the Campesino-Cristiano democratic national party, headed Victor Ciorbea of the PNTCD settled. Calin Popescu was recruited to join the Cabinet as Minister of industry and trade, and Minister of State. The performance of Calin Popescu at the head of the Ministry of industry and trade was controversial and as a result of their conflicting and unpopular reforms he/she was ousted in 1997 by Prime Minister Victor Ciorbea. From then on he/she devoted himself to its functions as a parliamentary deputy and Vice President of the National Liberal Party.

In the following years, the National Liberal Party established a series of negotiations with the other formations that materialized in the absorption of different parties: the civic Alliance Party of Nicolae Manolescu, the Liberal Party of Dinu Patriciu, some members of the faction Democratic Convention of the National Liberal Party, the Liberal Party 93, the Alliance for Romania's Teodor Melanescuthe Union of rightist forces of Adrian Iorgulescu and the national party Liberal-Campeanu. In 1998, the National Liberal Party returned to distance itself from the coalition of the Democratic Convention of Romania, initiative that Calin Popescu was one of the most fervent supporters, whose intention was to present solo to the 2000 general election. The CDR was renamed, Democratic Convention of Romania 2000. It modified its composition and was articulated by the national Campesino-Cristiano Democratic Party, the Union of rightist forces, the Romanian ecologist Federation, the national Christian Democratic Alliance and the party of the Moldovan.

The 1996 elections did not provide good results to the National Liberal Party and facilitated the return of the Social Democracy Party of Romania to power with Ion Iliescu as President of the Republic and in the office of Prime Minister Adrian Nastase. Calin Popescu became leader of the parliamentary group of the Liberal National Party, and Vice President of the Committee on budget, finance and banking of the Parliament. As result of these poor results are questioned the role of Ionescu-Quintus at the head of the Presidency of the PNL, and at the annual Congress of the party in 2001, former Minister of Justice, Valeriu Stoica, was appointed his successor. Calin Popescu retained his position as Vice President of training. Valeriu Stoica proposed an alliance with the Democratic Party's Traian Basescu, initiative that provoked a split in the bosom of the liberal party, since the Vice President Dinu Patriciu along with Calin Popescu and other militants opposed this union. This crisis ended with the resignation of Valeriu Stoica, who was replaced by Teodor Stolojan, confidant of the outgoing President.

The National Liberal Party, despite disagreement by Calin Popescu and other leaders, joined with the Democratic Party during the celebration of the annual Assembly of both formations in 2003. This fusion came Alliance justice and truth, in which Teodor Stolojan and Traian Basescu were appointed Chairmen and Calin Popescu, spokesman. With a view to the next presidential election was appointed candidate to Teodor Stolojan, who must confront the Democrat Adrian Nastase. If the win, the post of Prime Minister would be occupied by a member of the Democratic Party. Calin Popescu was in charge of directing the election campaign for municipal elections in 2004, which accounted for a considerable setback to the Social Democratic Party. The liberal candidate for the Presidency, Teodor Stolojan, announced his resignation as President of the Liberal National Party and his resignation for the candidacy to head of State, for health reasons. Calin Popescu was appointed his replacement at the head of the Presidency of the party, as well as Vice President of Alliance justice and truth. The new candidate for the presidential elections was Traian Basescu, of the Democratic Party, making it a member of the Liberal National Party would be proposed to lead the Government.

On 12 December 2004 elections were held and Traian Basescu won victory to get 51% of the votes. Days later, the then Prime Minister, Adrian Nastase, resigned and Calin Popescu was appointed as his replacement. Popescu formed a coalition Government together with the Union democratic Magyar of Romania from Bela Marko and the humanist party of Romania's Dan Voiculescu. He/She composed a cabinet with members from these formations, his party, the National Liberal Party, and the Democratic Party. On 28 December, the Parliament gave its approval to the new Executive and the next day, Calin Popescu took office as Prime Minister of Romania.

In June 2005 he/she announced his resignation as first Minister of the Government to force the call for early parliamentary elections. This decision made it after the Constitutional Court rejected a series of laws aimed at reforming justice and necessary for the entry of Romania into the European Union planned for January 1, 2007. Shortly afterwards changed his decision of resignation on the grounds that it preferred to seek the vote of confidence of the Parliament, which eventually succeeded and could therefore continue with its mandate.