Biography of Manuel José de Porto (1792-1860)

Spanish physician, born in 1792 and died in Cádiz in 1860.

After studying medicine and surgery in the College of Cádiz, he entered as a physician in the Navy, and worked for two years (1820-1821) in hospitals in Havana and Veracruz. Already then linked to the surgical society of Cádiz, he was a correspondent from America for his newspaper. Back to Cadiz became soon one of its most prominent physicians. To convert medical-surgical society in Royal Academy of medicine, he was appointed Vice-President, and also became consultant of the body of persons of the Navy. Ardent liberal, was later an important character within the progressive party, which was a deputy provincial on several occasions. He was the first professor at Cadiz school (1831) and then went on to occupy the Chair of internal clinic of Madrid, where was transferred to that of general pathology and anatomical pathology of the Faculty of medical sciences of Cadiz, when the latter was created in 1844. Federico Rubio, who was his pupil, speaks with great appreciation in his memoirs of his teaching.Together with José de Gardoqui and Antonio Gracia Álvarez, Porto led Cadiz clinicopathological school during the stage following the death of Francisco Javier Laso de la Vega.

His most popular work was a Manual of pathological anatomy (1846), first independent text Spanish discipline, since the written by Juan Mosácula twenty years earlier did not print and the Manuel Hurtado de Mendoza was part of a morphological synthesis. It is mainly based on the Précis d'anatomie pathologique (1829) and Gabriel Andral in Theofile-R-j. works. Laënnec, Jean Cruveilhier, Gaspard Laurent Bayle and other authors of the school of Paris. Porto was not limited, however, to a pure book knowledge, but rather had broad experience as a pathologist, which was reflected, in this book, exposing different issues, and also in their articles and didactic activity. How good anatomoclinico considered that the pathology was the basic discipline of science and medical practice, "without which little or nothing would have advanced the science of diagnosis". In the first edition of his manual, the study of the lesions is only macroscopic. To use Magnifier, indicating, for example, that in the "grey hepatizacion" tuberculous lung looks with it "an immense amount of small grey granulations of form and volume the same, tight and joint each other". Only in the Fourth Edition (1867), released seven years after the death of its author, José Pérez lace added notions of Cellular Pathology and notes about the microscopic characters of different injuries.Hygiene was another matter that concerned the gaditano doctor. He published two speeches on topics related to it, left unpublished a translation of Jean-Baptiste Fonssagrives naval hygiene Treaty and actively participated in the elaboration of the Health Act of 1855. Porto contributed also to the dissemination in Spain of the work of Justus Liebig, publishing in 1845 a Spanish version of its chemistry applied to the animal physiology and pathology.



Influence which must exercise medicine in the law of peoples, Cadiz, 1834. Handbook of pathological anatomy, wrote of the best authors, Cadiz, IMP. of the medical journal, 1846 (reprints in the same Cádiz, in 1851, 1857 and 1867, all corrected and augmented, the last by José lace Pérez).Justus Liebig: Chemistry applied to the animal physiology and pathology... poured to the Spanish by don Manuel José de Porto, Cadiz, IMP. the medical magazine, 1845 (Porto translated the French version which had published Charles Gerhardt). Education and its relationship with hygiene to improve the intelligence of man, Cadiz, IMP. the medical magazine, 1853.Entre his articles emphasizes the dedicated to exhibit the history and Protocol of autopsy of a hepatic hydatidosis in the journal of medical sciences, 1 (1844), 76-79.


Jan, j.: "obituary" in the century medical, 7 (1860), 461.RUBIO, Federico: my teachers and my education, V. Tordesillas, 1912, pp. 302-303.PESET REIG, Rafael: cardiorespiratory pathology in the first half of the 19th century Spanish, Valencia thesis, 1962, pp. 144-164.lopez PINERO, José María: "the school of Cádiz and the introduction into Spain of the medicine clinicopathological" Medical Spanish, 70 (1973), 125-133.lopez PIÑERO, J. M., F. Bujosa, M. L. Terrada: Spanish classics of pathological anatomy previous to Cajal. Spanish Classics on Pathology before Cajal, Valencia, Chair and Institute for the history of medicine, 1979, pp. 30-35, 134-138.

José María López Piñero