Biography of Pu Songling (1640-1715)

Chinese writer, born June 5, 1640 in Tzu-ch 'uan, Shantung province, and died' February 25, 1715 in Tzu-ch uan.

Pu Songling was his name of courtesy, translation of Liu-Hsien, Chien-Ch piyin' in. Was a Chinese fiction writer whose Liao-chai-chih-i (1766; Amazing stories from the study of Liao-chai or strange stories from a Chinese Studio) resurrected the classic genre of short stories. Completed in 1679, this impressive collection of 431 stories from fantastic and supernatural-themed split literary fashion which prevailed at that time and who later was overtaken by the more realistic stories of writers hua, written in colloquial language. Pu, however, wrote their stories in the language classic, adopting free forms and themes of the old ch 'i ch' uan, or "the wonderful tales", T dynasties ' T'ang and Sung.

Although Pu lived and died as a dark parochial school teacher, his work enjoyed some fame from its first printing, inspired many imitations and creating a new fashion to classic stories. Pu, however, writing in the vernacular. Notable is also his adaptation of some of his stories in "drum songs", a popular dramatic form of his time; and the novel colloquial Hsing-shih yin-yuan chuan (a marriage for awakening the world), which portrays a contemporary unhappy marriage, which some scholars have attributed him realistically.