Biography of Elpidio Quirino y Rivera (1890-1956)

Philippine politician, born in Vigan (island of Luzon) on November 16, 1890 and died on February 28, 1956, who was President of the Republic of the Philippines between 1948 and 1953 in Novaliches.


He graduated in law at the University of the Philippines (Manila) in 1915. Completed studies, he/she devoted himself to the practice of law, as he/she began his career in the ranks of the filipino independence movement political. He/She was appointed Secretary of the personal Cabinet of the independence leader, Manuel Quezón, and in 1919 elected Deputy of the House of representatives, although it did not occupy his seat until 1925. In 1928 he/she was elected Senator, who served for four years. In 1934 he/she accompanied Manuel Quezón as a member of the Commission who visited the United States to claim independence. The Commission got the approval by the US Congress of the Tydings-McDuffie Act, which set the date of Philippine emancipation for the July 4, 1946. Upon his return to Manila, Quirino participated in the drafting of the new Constitution of the Republic.

During the second world war, he/she fought in the resistance against the Japanese occupation, and joined the Government interim Manuel Quezón as Secretary of the Treasury and interior. In 1946 he/she was appointed Vice President and Secretary of State for Administration of the first President after independence, Manuel Roxas. The death in April of 1948, Quirino was elected to succeed him in the Presidency until the end of the mandate. The following year, he/she managed to be reelected by a fraudulent election that defeated the nationalist candidate. His administration was characterized by the efforts of national reconstruction with financial support from the United States, the political corruption that dominated the inner workings of the regime and the growth of internal opposition, led by the Hukbalahap (Huk) filocomunista guerrillas. This had emerged as a movement of resistance to the Japanese occupation during the war, but after independence, continued to fight for the establishment of a Communist regime in the Philippines. Access to power in 1948, Quirino tried to reach an agreement with the guerrilla leader Luis Taruc. The talks failed and Taruc proclaimed their willingness to bring down the liberal government. In 1950, the Huk controlled much of the territory of the island of Luzon, and Quirino, incapable of imposing peace, instructed the military of Ramón Magsaysay , the Suppression of the movement. This took place a work effective and, in the elections of 1953, was elected President of the Republic. After his defeat, Quirino retired from political activity. He/She died on February 28, 1956, at the age of 66 in Novaliches.