Biography of Antonio Quiroga (1784-1841)

Military and Spanish politician born in Betanzos (La Coruña) in 1784 and died in Madrid in 1841.

He joined the Navy, passing the army's land after Trafalgar. In 1818 he was Colonel, earmarked for the expeditionary army of overseas. Prisoner in 1819 as a result of the so-called "conspiracy of el Palmar", followed however the preparations for the uprising that would have irrigation, not he, in 1820. By its top ranking is considered the head of the movement of 1820, but his performance in those crucial days was not at the height of what was expected. Triumphant movement saw its name, always together with irrigation, in popular exaltations, without any possibility of beating teammate and rival.

Promoted Marshal field, Grand Cross of San Fernando and aide-de-camp of S.M., Honorary Member of the patriotic society of La Coruña, from the 24 of April of 1820, although his acceptance came on May 12, and member of courts by Galicia, between 1820 and 1822. On June 23, 1820 he made his entry into Madrid, being received in triumph, as it was herself, but he took advantage of the trip to stand out from their peers, and start making a nice fortune in moderation.

Partner of the Fontana, 25 June 1820. National property buyer, cut lots of wood in Cernadas farm, near Betanzos, which had belonged to the monastery of San Martín in Santiago. As he is complaining of its few resources, a series of brochures promptly denounced his "prodigious economy', i.e. your interested selfishness.

Elected commander of the militia national volunteer Bilbao, in August 1821, and commanding general of Galicia, in 1823. A list of the General archive of Palencia gives the Masonic name of gross.

The fall of the Constitution emigrated to England, where he published The conduct of General Quiroga during the late events in Spain (London, 1823), not mixed in Affairs of conspiracies, he dedicated himself to business, as a representative of British companies by Governments of Hispanic America, and even the manufacture of dental powders, which were still advertised in 1855 (cf. Las Cortes, Madrid, January 6, 1855).Sentenced to stick in the absence, in 1826. He returned to Spain in 1834 and was complicated in January 1835, it seems, in the famous action of Cardero. In 1837 he was promoted to lieutenant general, to exercise that same year as captain general of Aragon and Castilla la Nueva, in general the national militia of the Kingdom 1839.Inspector, ceases on 1 June 1839. His farewell "To the militia national of the Kingdom", Madrid 2 June 1839, is published in the gibberish, number 132, on June 3, 1839. Brother-in-law Juan Van Halenera.


Archivo General de Palencia. 87 reserved roles.

GARCÍA ROVIRA, Anna María: Liberalisme i forces populars in the crisi de L'antic Regim Espanya, 1823-1835. PhD thesis, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 1987.

Gran Enciclopedia Gallega.

GIL NOVALES, Alberto: The patriotic societies. Madrid: Tecnos, 1975.

PAEZ RIOS, Elena: Hispanic iconography. Madrid, 1966. 5 vols.

A Gil Novales