Biography of François Rabelais (1494-1553)

French writer, it is believed that La Devinière, Tours, born and died in Paris. It was Franciscan in the convent of Puy-Saint-Martin. Very well known Greek and latin, as evidenced by his correspondence with Guillaume Budé. As the theologians of the Sorbonne forbade, in 1523, the use of the Greek after the comments from Erasmus Greek text of the Gospel of Lucas, Rabelais needed to find a more tolerant, less closed atmosphere so it went to the convent of Benedictines of Saint-Pierre de Maillezais, under the protection of Bishop d'Estissac. To 1527 traveled attending different universities, until in 1530 he/she enrolled in the Faculty of medicine at Montpellier, where he/she attained the doctorate in 1537 and a great reputation as medico-filologo, with the publication of the aphorisms of Hippocrates, 1532, with the edition of the charters of Giovanni Manardi. He/She worked as doctor in Lyon, while he/she published the horrible and frightening facts and feats of the very renowned Pantagruel, King of the Dipsodas, son of the great giant Gargantua. He/She traveled to Rome in 1534-35 with Jean du Bellay, Bishop of Paris, rum with d'Estissac and telling the life that was in Rome. 1534 is the priceless life of great Gargantua, father of Pantagruel's work. With du Bellay, Governor of Piedmont, remained from 1539 to 1543 and published the ploys... of the... Langey Knight, work that it has not survived to this day. It reissued two books of his novel censored by the Sorbonne as well as the third book of acts and heroic sayings of the good Pantagruel, 1546. In 1547, after having taken refuge in Metz, he/she travelled again to Rome and published Sciomachia. Between 1548 and 1552 he/she published a fourth book of facts and heroic sayings of the good Pantagruel, equally censored and that cost him prison. In the last years of the author we know little; It seems that he/she asked the Papal blessing and he/she was appointed parish priest of Meudon.

Image of Rabelais

The image of Rabelais as a big drinker and buffoon who gave him after his death did not agree with his biography and moral, nor with his great work, which we can consider to Rabelais as one of the great intellectuals of the Renaissance. Qualities theirs, as tolerant and humanitarian spirit, and interest in all the sciences, with a technical language in the use of the knowledge of medicine, agriculture, Commerce, literature, religion and classical languages, make Rabelais a narrator without precedent in the literature.

Gargantua and Pantagruel

Regarding the starting point of his epic Gargantua and Pantagruel, initially, it was a popular publication having as protagonist the giant Gargantua and through it has the heroic deeds of his son. Among the thousand episodes of the story, is famous the theft of the bells of Notre - Dame, where docked comico-fantastico story with themes of a vivid descriptive realism. It criticized the society of his time and took ideological position, being in favour of the return to the pure Evangelical doctrine. Profanadores fragments alternate with great intellectual commitment, as it is the famous letter of Gargantua to his son, full of humanism and Evangelical momentum. The third book, despite the title, is different from the previous ones; Pantagruel is not the protagonist but his faithful Panurgo; It seems that the subject of this book is due to the hardness of censorship and fear to accuse him of heresy, but did not escape condemnation. In the fourth book, Rabelais is abandoned to the pleasure of the imaginary story in Pantagruel's trip to China. The continuation of the fourth book was published posthumously in 1562 under the title La Island dreamer, violent allegory against the Roman curia. In 1564 in the edition of the fifth book of Pantagruel, they resumed the enormous work; It was apparently manipulated by some Huguenot writer or by Tiraqueau that was who reordered it.