Biography of Stjepan Radic (1871-1928)

Publicist and Croatian peasant leader born in Trebarjevo on July 11, 1871 and died in Zagreb on August 8, 1928. He/She fought for the equal rights of the Croats within the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.

He studied law in Zagreb and Prague and soon became known as a staunch anti-hungaro: in 1895 was sentenced to six months in jail for burning a Hungarian flag during the stay of the Emperor of Hungary in Zagreb. He/She traveled to Russia and Paris, after which settled in Prague, where, since 1898, he/she collaborated in Czech language with several publications, being mainly Croatian Affairs. After a short stay in Zemun, where he/she developed an active policy paneslavista, he/she remained in Zagreb, advocating for the national union of Serbia and Croatia. In 1904 he/she organized, together with his brother before the Croatian peasant party. After the end of the first world war, Radic started to collaborate with the National Council of Zagreb for the establishment of a Yugoslavia with equality of rights between Croats and Serbs, and the recognition of the traditional autonomy of Croatia, but disagreements with the regime in Belgrade caused his imprisonment between 1919 and 1920. Domino Croatian politics after the war, being their main demands reform agrarian and the lowering of taxes to the peasants. Radic despite the election victory of his party in Croatia, refused to participate in the national Parliament, thus enabling the Prime Minister, Nikola Pasic, impose a Government centralized in Yugoslavia.

The 1920 elections assumed a stagnation of their opposition activity, but in 1923, Radic traveled to Moscow in order to get support for the creation of a peasant Republic in Croatia, without obtaining favorable results. By this activity, that linked him with the Communists, he/she was again incarcerated between 1924 and July 1925; his political party was then dissolved. He/She joined the Government in 1925 as Minister of education (1925-1926), accepting the centralist Constitution of 1921, but in 1927 he/she returned to the opposition. From that year he/she worked together with Svetozar Pribicebic, a Serbian Democrat leader, by the formation of an democratica-campesina Alliance, claiming the federal organization of Yugoslavia. He/She was wounded mortally wounded by shot during a heated debate in the National Assembly, on June 20, 1928.

JMMT