Biography of Bob Rafelson (1933-VVVV)

Director of American film, born February 21, 1933 in New York.

Life.

He studied at the University of Dartmouth; at first, he became interested in music and was the founder of one of the most famous groups of the 1960s, the Monkees, which also served to make his first film: Head (1968), a very personal underground title. Rafelson and Jack Nicholson were in charge together of the script and the production. With a non-existent argument, the director raised his first job as a satira-homenaje to genre film. To garnish the exotic adventures of the band - which transplantaba to display his work in television - had some special guests, such as Victor Mature and still unknown stars such as Teri Garr. His work on two fronts, as screenwriter and director, lasted throughout the Decade of the seventies.

My life is mine (1970) brought back to Rafelson and Nicholson in a portrait of the American upper middle class. The point of view of the director was on this occasion the American broken system, which allowed him to build a script episodic, perceptive and acute, deserving of a nomination to the Oscar. Jack Nicholson, Karen Black and the film itself, which featured the photography of Laszlo Kóvacs were also nominated. After the success of my life is mine, Rafelson tried to stand out with a completely different work, an ironic portrait of the local mafia in Atlantic City that was titled The King of Marvin Gardens (1972), and Jack Nicholson and Bruce Dern starred. His next title, Stay Hungry (1976), was a local drama, with a somewhat alien to European Cinema theme: training Mr. universe. It won a Golden Globe for best debutant actor, who was none other than Arnold Schwarzenegger.

That same year finally became a resounding box-office success: the postman always rings twice (1976), fourth adaptation of the eponymous novel by James M. Cain. David Mamet was in charge of shaping the script and set the scenes erotic, previously absent due to the entry into force of the Hays Code. The film placed Jessica Lange in the universe of the actresses sexiest, although his greatest film success was the atmosphere created by cinematographer Sven Nykvist.

The feminine sensuality as a weapon deadly serves also to Rafelson to consider his next story, the case of the black widow (1986). Screenwriter Ronald Bass was inspired by the 1954 version directed by Nunnally Johnson and new technique of the remake returned to work, this time thanks to the chemistry that was established between the two actors actresses: Debra Winger and Theresa Russell. However, it did not the same luck with their next album. The mountains of the Moon (1990), based on the travel diary of Richard Francis Burton in pursuit of the sources of the Nile, became a most interesting journey for the director to the Viewer. The interest of the protagonist, connoisseur of twenty-three languages, scholar of sexual mores in the whole world, was veiled by the attempt of Rafelson making an epic narration.

In 1992 he directed she never refuses, a romantic comedy starring Jack Nicholson and Ellen Barkin who also is part of the list of their best titles and is also a failed attempt to study of female characters. After shooting the short film Wet (1995), starring Cynda Williams, had opportunity to add it to the joint project Tales of Erotica (1996), a series of sexually-themed short shot for German television by directors such as Susan Seidelman, Ken Russell and Melvin Van Peebles. The following title of Rafelson was blood and wine (1997), an action thriller that featured once again in the presence of Jack Nicholson. The director announced openly that it was the last part of a trilogy, with two remaining components were my life is mine and The King of Marvin Gardens; Trilogy where Nicholson was son, brother and father. After many ups and downs, Rafelson got remarkable work and a nomination for the Golden shell of the Festival of San Sebastián. The main trick of the film is its attractive cast: Stephen Dorff, Jennifer López, Judy Davis and Michael Caine - who was awarded the Concha de Plata for the best actor-as well as the ability of the director to achieve such sharing to become an excellent sample of victims and villains. His latest work to date is a television movie that premiered in theaters in our country: Poodle Springs (1998); It retrieves not only the character of Raymond Chandler, Philip Marlowe, but also to the actor James Caan, who sees flood your participation thanks to the set script by Rafelson and Tom Stoppard, an attempt to film noir.

Bob Rafelson is considered one of the best directors of the United States. Your clairvoyance when it comes to knowing what really sustains to cinematography made him found the BBC Productions together with Bert Schneider and Steve Blauner in defense of a more modern and innovative cinema. Under its auspices arose not only from the own Rafelson titles, but also other emblematic films as seeking my destiny (1969), directed by Dennis Hopper, or the last session (1971), Peter Bogdanovich.

Filmography.

As director:1968: Head (and screenplay, production and actor). 1970: my life is mine (and screenplay and production). 1972: The King of Marvin Gardens (and screenplay and production). 1976: Stay Hungry (and screenplay and production). 1981: the postman always rings twice (and script and production). 1986: the case of the widow negra.1990: the mountains of the Moon (and screenplay).1992: She never is niega.1997: blood and wine (and script).

Works for television: 1995: Wet (and screenplay). 1996: Tales of erotic (Wet). 1998: Poodle Springs.

As an actor: 1989: for siempre.1995: Leaving Las Vegas.

CME