Biography of Conde de Barcelona Ramón Borrell III (972-1018)

First count independent of magazine Ausona, and Girona, Barcelona since the year 992 to the 1018, born in the year 972 and died in Barcelona on 25 February of the year 1018. Son of Legarda of Rovergue and Borrell II, who inherited the above counties, while his other brother, Armengol, did the same with the County of Urgell, whose guardianship Ramón Borrell took over during the age of this minority.

In 986, when he/she was just fourteen, Ramón Borrell was associated with the County Government by his father Borrell II, a year until the city was completely destroyed by the Caliphate forces sent by the victorious general Almanzor. In the year 992 died Borrell II, so Ramón Borrell succeeded him at the head of the counties, at an extremely difficult time, in which the city of Barcelona still not is had spare Muslim attack, with the fear that such plundering is its. However, Ramón Borrell moved to reorganize the devastated County, at all levels in such a way that he/she married the daughter of Roger I of Carcassonne, Ermesinda, to incorporate the heritage of this into their territories. Also applied with ardor to the daunting task of reorganizing the Administration and justice of the condal Palace, as it corresponded to a Prince who acted with full independence from the old Frank sovereignty. With respect to the County of Urgell, Ramón Borrell conducted a policy of protection and collaboration with his younger brother Armengol, which made practically the disintegration was not such, and less even though, from the year 1010, Ramón Borrell takeover was temporarily of his administration following the death of his brother on the battlefield.

The ascension to the papal throne of Gerberto d'Aurillac, with the name of Sylvester II, former tutor and close friend of the German Emperor Otto III, had a positive impact on the future of the catalan County. Consolidation and progressive independence of the Catalan counts of free monarchy was possible thanks to the friendship of Sylvester II Barcelona Barcelona family and various influential characters of the mark. The own Ramón Borrell undertook a journey to Rome, in the year 1002, accompanied by the Bishop of Vich, to treat several internal Church Affairs of the County along with others of a political nature, such as the preparation of a crusade to counter the Muslim push in the southern territories of the County. His brother Armengol, made the same trip, with the same intentions, a year earlier.

After the death of Almanzor in the year 1002, his son Abd al-Malik took the command of the caliphal army and continued attacks on the Spanish Christian kingdoms. At the end of that same year, Ramón Borrell and his brother Armengol organized a military expedition against Muslim populations settled in the plain of the County of Urgell. Abd al - Malik responded forcefully to the attack of the Catalan counts with the formation of a spectacular army against the County territories, which counted with the participation of Christian troops provided by the King of León, Alfonso V and the count of Castile, Sancho I García, since both Christian princes were vassals of Córdoba. The son of Almanzor proved to be the height of political and military from his father, since it swept away unceremoniously for the districts of the County of Urgell, and special viciously the city of Manresa, which was practically no stone standing. After this fierce Moslem attack, the restorative policy imposed by the previous count Borrell II and his son Ramón Borrell collapsed. Repairing demands after the disaster forced Ramón Borrell and his brother Armengol to curb their expansionary policy against Muslims and direct your attention to the lifting and recovery of their respective counties.

The chance for Ramón Borrell of reparation of the previous military disaster came in the year 1008, after the death of Abd al - Malik. Once died the only character able to follow the victorious wake initiated by Almanzor in Córdoba, then formed two antagonistic sides that competed with real ferocity for the power, circumstances that favored extremely kingdoms Christian, previously subject to the power of Córdoba, but mindful of caliphal weakness opportunity to shake off the Muslim yoke. While the faction headed by Sulayman al - Hakam ben was supported by the count of Castile, Sancho I García, the side of Muhammad ben Hixem unconditional Ramón Borrell and his brother Armengol relief sought, as well as the of the count of Besalú, Bernat I.

Ramón Borrell was intended to avoid Castilian County to benefit exclusively from the future territorial division of the corpse of the Caliphate. Thus, in the year 1010, it was a Catalan expedition consisting of about ten thousand men, commanded by the own Ramón Borrell and his brother, which increased its troop on its way through the Muslim cities of Zaragoza and Toledo, Brazilian candidate Muhammad ben Hixem. Upon arrival to the vicinity of Cordoba, in July of that same year, there was the battle of Acbar al - Bakar, totally favorable to the Catalan forces, after which looted the caliphal city of Córdoba and got a big booty in gold. Although fortune by the Catalans was important, but the bottom line was not so positive since relevant characters, lost their lives as the own count of Urgell, Armengol; as well as the Bishop of Barcelona Acció; the son of the Viscount Guitardo Barcelonès, of name Adalberto; and other members of the Catalan nobility.

Five years later, Ramón Borrell took the total decomposition of the cordoban Caliphate to launch a new offensive against the Muslims in their eagerness to extend to the maximum limits of the catalan County and expanding its territorial influence; for that purpose it led his troops up to the confluence of the Segre and Ebro rivers. After this great triumph, Ramón Borrell concentrated its efforts on two primary objectives. The first one was to arrange the marriage of his son and heir, Berenguer Ramón I, the daughter of the Castilian count Sancho García, for which were conducted talks in Zaragoza, accepted by the Court of the kinglet of the city, Al-Mundhir ibn Yahya, vassal of Ramón Borrell. The other objective of the catalan count was the conquest of Tarragona, authentic obsession for him, and restore its episcopal hierarchy, which had attained the much-desired ecclesiastical emancipation of the Catalan counties of Narbonne, Metropolitan Headquarters. None of these two projects could thrive due to the sudden death of Ramón Borrell, on 25 February of the year 1018. He/She was succeeded by his son Berenguer Ramon I, who ruled until his coming of age under the tutelage of his mother, the Countess Ermesinda.

During his busy Government, the repopulation work of Ramón Borrell was not less important than the pos made its predecessors, since is repopulated the Eastern confines of the Segarra, Barberà basin and the extensive field of Tarragona, vital for the cultivation of the region.


BOFARULL I MASCARÓ, Prospero. The counts of Barcelona. (Barcelona: Ed. Fundación Conde de Barcelona, 1988).

GARCÍA CÁRCEL, Ricardo. History of Catalonia. (Barcelona: Ed. Ariel, 1985).

IRADIEL, Paulino; MORETA, Salustiano and SARASA, Esteban. Medieval of the Spain Christian history. (Madrid: Ed. Cátedra, 1989).

MITRE FERNÁNDEZ, Luis. History of Spain. States, societies, cultures. (Madrid: Ed. Gredos, 1970).

NADAL I FARRERAS, Joaquin. History of Catalonia. (Barcelona: Ed. Oikos-Tau, 1992).

SOBREQUÉS I VIDAL, Santiago. Els grans comtes de Barcelona. (Barcelona: Ed. Vicens Vives, 1969).

SUÁREZ FERNÁNDEZ, Luis. History of Spain. Middle Ages. (Madrid Ed. Gredos, 1970).

VALLS I TABERNER, Ferran. History of Catalonia. (Madrid: Ed. Alianza, 1982).