Biography of Simon Rattle (1955-VVVV)

1955-born in Liverpool (England), British Orchestra conductor. Of air casual and with a somewhat iconoclastic image, his youth was not obstacle for her dizzying career. When he was 16 years old he entered at the Royal Academy of London Music to study direction, and in 1974, at the age of 19 years, won first prize in the international contest of direction John Player. Soon became Ayudante Director of the Bournemouth Symphony and Sinfonietta, who served for three years. He later directed some works with the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic, BBC Scottish Symphony and the Rotterdam Philharmonic. Between 1981 and 1983, was Director artistic of the Summer Festival of music South Bank. At the time it was, since 1980, Director Principal and counselor artistic of the Orchestra Symphony of the city of Birmingham, grouping which reached the post of Director Musical in September 1990.

It has maintained a constant relationship with the Orchestra of CBS institution who, after the opening of Symphony Hall in 1991, is to host one of the exhibits better designed and equipped in the world, both for the execution of concerts to make recordings. In front of this Orchestra of CBS has been Simon Rattle in numerous tours of success, during which he has visited across Europe, including Scandinavia, North America and even the far East, destinations last two which the Orchestra visited for the first time and that since then visited on several occasions. In October 1992, Rattle became the Principal Guest Conductor of the enlightenment period instrument Orchestra and is also artistic Adviser of the Birmingham contemporary music group.

His debut at the Glyndebourne Festival took place in 1977, and since then has visited the festival regularly in front of the Philharmonic Orchestra of London first, and with the Orchestra of the enlightenment since 1989. He made his debut with the English National Opera in 1985 and at the Royal Opera House in 1990 with The Cunning Little Vixen, which was then recorded for EMI Classics. It has been exclusive artist for EMI for many years and he has recorded for this company on over sixty occasions, many of which have won prestigious international awards. Thus, for example, no. 2 of Mahler Symphony won three Gramophone Awards: record of the year, best orchestral recording and best engineering and production. Porgy and Bess won the Gramophone and Opera in 1990 Prize in 1989 the International Critics Award and the Grand Prix in Honorem of l' Académie Charles Cros, the most prestigious of France, for their recording of Porgy and Bess and discs of Schoenberg, Webern, Berg and Debussy.

His most recent works include the Faust Symphony, Liszt (with the Berlin Philharmonic) and Symphony No. 3, Stabat Mater, and back form the Virgin Mary of Szymanowski (which received the prize German Echo best symphonic recording of 1994).

In 1979 he made his North American debut with the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra and was its Principal guest conductor from 1981 until 1994. During this period he also directed the Cleveland Orchestra and the orchestras of Chicago, San Francisco, Toronto and Boston. He debuted in New York in 1985 with the Philharmonic Orchestra of Los Angeles and later acted again there with the CBS Orchestra in 1988. The same year he made his debut in the United States as director of opera.

It is responsible for the series Leaving Home issued by the British Channel 4, one of the most ambitious on orchestral music of the 20th century, which was issued in the fall of 1996 and received the BAFTA Award in 1997 for best series or program of art. After that, saw the light of new recordings which include Symphony No. 9 of Mahler, with the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra; the Symphony No. 1 and Balshazzar Feast completo, Walton, with Thomas Hampson and the CBS Orchestra; and the Concerto No. 1 for piano by Brahms, with Leif Ove Andsnes and the CBSO, which came to light in October 1998. In 1999 he recorded Wonderful Town of Bernstein, with Thomas Hampson and the BCMG; These Premises are alarmed and Thomas Adès Asyla; King Roger, Szymanowski, with the CBSO and Hampson; and a live recording of the Symphony No. 10 of Mahler with the Berlin Philharmonic at the beginning of the year 2000.

His concerts at the Salzburg Festival in 1996 with the Vienna Philharmonic and his European tour with the Orchestra in April 1997 were hailed by critics. In March 1993 he received the Montblanc culture Award for their contributions to the field of culture and for her work with the CBSO and their involvement in the construction of the much-vaunted Birmingham Symphony Hall. He has been awarded the honorary doctorate of music by the University of Birmigngham, Leeds and Liverpool; He was chosen artist of the year in the prestigious Gramophone Awards of 1993, and also won three awards at the 1995: the best orchestral recording (the Symphony No. 1 of Schoenberg, with the Birmingham Contemporary Music Group, and the variations and Erwartung by the same author with the CBSO), best chorus and best engineering (for Stabat Mater of Szymanowskiwith the Birmingham City symphonic choir and the CBSO).

After having been awarded the title of Sir Simon Rattle was appointed new artistic director of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, one of the most Royal of the world of classical music. Claudio Abbado gave him the baton of training in 2002.