Biography of Arturo Rawson (1884-1952)

Argentine politician, provisional President of the Republic for less than forty-eight hours. Member of a San Juan family of American origin, was born in Santiago del Estero in 1884 and died in Buenos Aires in 1952. He graduated in 1905 at the military school, which was then Professor. In the 1920's he conducted military campaigns against the Chaco Indians as a cavalry officer. Military in Bolivia and director of the school of cavalry was added. His role as military Chief unexpectedly placed him in the middle of the political scene in 1943. The military feared to come back to orchestrate an electoral fraud in upcoming elections on behalf of the owner of sugar mills and Conservative leader Salta Robustiano pattern coastline, which would have meant the perpetuation in power of the regime established by the justgeneral. They also took into account the critical economic situation that was crossing a wide strip of society, potentially difficult to control. Another issue that concerned them was the corruption and embezzlement that had been installed in high governmental areas and threatening to spread to the entire society. On the other hand, did not see with pleasure the constant refusal of President Castillo, leading conservative Catamarca, of leading a palace coup that deliver protection from the more conservative elements of the Argentine political spectrum. They feared also see is enmeshed in the World contest in the event that the President break the traditional Argentine neutrality and declared war on the axis powers, thus bowing to pressure from the United States. These were the reasons that led to high heads of the army to form the group work of unification (GOU), a secret organization which wasn't part Rawson. On June 4, 1943, before removal by Castillo of the Minister of war and Chief of the GOU, general Ramírez, this informed the President that he had been overthrown and replaced by general Arturo Rawson. In reality, the latter ignored the existence of the GOU, so it meant that the emissary who raised him to power was folding another military movement that he was preparing on their own. The movement was with the tacit approval of citizenship, which was in sight with the signals of accession collecting by the troops in their advance toward the Casa Rosada, seat of Government, general Rawson at the head. The new leadership headed by this did not have a clear government plan, and the disagreements that this would lead to traslucieron immediately to announce the Cabinet, given that two members of the same were considered as elements of continuity with the deposed regime. Intense lobbying occurred during the 5th day and part of the 6 when, before the Rawson not discard questioned Ministers, insisting communicated you that it did not have the support of the army, reason why should resign before having taken the oath. The resignation was submitted to the general Pedro Pablo Ramírez, gesture with which Rawson acknowledged the true head of the movement. Rawson accepted the post of Argentine Ambassador to Brazil, he resigned shortly after under their disagreement with the contents of the Government project to retire to private life. Publicly reappeared in Buenos Aires in 1945 in the "March of the Constitution and freedom", mass demonstration that sought to stop the access of Juan Domingo Perón to power. He was brought before a military court, but he was acquitted. He retired as a major general. He was author of Argentina and Bolivia in the epic of emancipation.


Rodriguez LAMAS, Daniel: Rawson, Ramírez, Farrell. Buenos Aires: Ceal, 1983.

D. Santilli