Biography of Ronald Reagan (1911-2004)

Politician and actor, born on February 6, 1911 in Tampico (Illinois), and died in Los Angeles (California) on June 5, 2004. It was the fortieth President of the United States and one of the leaders most popular and conservative in the history of his country, during the eight years its management.

Ronald Wilson Reagan attended Eureka College of Dixon, where in 1932 he graduated in performing arts, majoring in economics and sociology. Amateur theatre and sport, at the end of her studies worked as a sports reporter at a radio station in Des Moines (Iowa) on the NBC network where, for five years, was one of the most relevant sports announcers. In 1937 he went to Hollywood and, after several castings, signed its first contract as an actor to start a long film career that lasted for nearly three decades.

During his time in Los Angeles, he participated in fifty films, often with secondary trouser roles; He was President of the Screen Actors Guild between 1947 and 1952, where he collaborated with the Committee on UN-American activities that unleashed the famous "witch hunt"; He presided over the Council of the industry of cinema between 1949 and 1959, and married twice, with Jane Wymann, in 1940, and Nancy Davis, in 1952. During World War II, its myopia fought him participate in the front while he served in the air force as Lieutenant in a unit which shot entertainment films. In 1954 he decided to quit his film career and work in the commercial sector bodies. For eight years he was General Electric's spokesman on television, charge that earned him popularity and economic position.

Despite sympathetic to Democrats in his youth, in 1962 he joined the Republican Party and started a thriving political career that would lead him to the White House. Got the support of rows more conservative of his party to present his candidacy for Governor of California in 1966 and won the election with authority. For eight years he was effectively its administrative work and gained currency that encouraged him to enter the Republican primaries to reach the Presidency of the country in 1968 and 1976. Richard Nixon snatched the privilege on the first occasion and Gerald Ford in the second but far from abandoning, adopted a more active role at the heart of the Republican ranks.

Their persistent work and the support of the more conservative sector of the Party finally bore fruit in 1980 when he got the nomination as Republican candidate for the presidential elections. On November 4 of that year won a resounding victory over his opponent, Democrat Jimmy Carter and the 20 of January of 1981 came to the Oval Office, become the fortieth President of the United States. Despite his advanced age - he took office with 69 years - and the attack that on March 30, 1981 was about to cost him the life, Ronald Reagan kept intact its popularity at the front of the first world power.

During his first term put into practice its conservative electoral program, based on three fundamental pillars: the defense of traditional values, the application of a neoliberal economic agenda with tax cut and trimming social spending and an uncompromising international policy against the Soviet Union. However, he injected a healthy dose of optimism and confidence and an important economic revitalization, despite the budget deficit that, over time, become one of its Presidency ballasts in American society.

Strengthened in his chair in the Oval Office, in the presidential election of November 6, 1984 it had no problems to get the majority support of the votes (59%) and get the re-election against his rival, Democrat Walter Mondale. On 20 January 1995 it took possession of the position and promised "a golden age" for the American economy.

During his second term, foreign policy focused on the negotiations with the Soviet Union, within a framework of greater flexibility in the relations between the two countries. Negotiated the first Treaty on nuclear disarmament at the third meeting of the two leaders in December 1987, after the Geneva meetings, in 1985, and Reykjavík, with the Soviet President, Mikhail Gorbachev, in 1986; Although he promoted the project of strategic defense, known popularly as "Wars". In domestic policy, he devoted his efforts to the country's strong deficit reduction and the fight against crime, drug trafficking, and pornography. But Reagan, with seventy-seven years old and deteriorating health, failed to escape from the political scandal that resulted in American society the "Irangate" issue; the case of the illegal trafficking of arms to Iran and the diversion of funds to finance the Nicaraguan Contras. On January 19, 1989 he said goodbye to Americans and he was replaced by his Vice President, George Bush.

After leaving the White House, he moved to Los Angeles and there became one of his confessed dreams reality, the construction of the Ronald Reagan Library, inaugurated at the end of 1991. Diagnosed Alzheimer's few years later, the physical deterioration of the ex-President was progressive and irreversible. Finally, on June 5, 2004, at the age of 93, he died at his California home.

Among other multiple awards, author of the book of remembrance an American life, received the Presidential Medal of freedom, highest civil award of his country which President George Bush imposed in 1993.