Biography of Lou Reed (1942-2013)

American musician, whose real name is Lewis Allen, born in Brooklyng on March 2, 1942 and died in Southampton on October 27, 2013, and whose musical career until 1970 was linked to the band he founded there by 1964, Velvet Underground. He was an enthusiastic supporter of the rock´n´roll from a young age, and his first contact with music was in a group of this style called The Shades, with which he recorded a single at the end of the 1950s in their Long Island home.

At the beginning of the 1960s, Reed began to be interested by the jazz and poetry, while studying at Syracuse University. After graduation, he began working as a composer in Pickwick Records, a New York label, and was there where he met John Cale, a Welsh with classical music training. The contact between both laid the groundwork for the genesis of this great band that was the Velvet Underground. Soon after, the couple worked in The Primitives group, and finally came the creation of the aforementioned Velvet Underground, whose first training was composed of Reed and Cale, Sterling Morrison and drummer Angus MacLise, which soon was replaced by Maureen Tucker.

In 1971, after having dissolved the band, Lou Reed, the first solo album of singer-songwriter, little more than a handful of songs in the style of Velvet was released. In 1972, his career takes another tack, when Mick Ronson and David Bowie produced their second album, Transformer. This second album is much more consistent than its predecessor; It had influences of glam rock and an unforgettable song, "Walk On The Wild Side", which earned Reed a substantial reputation in the United Kingdom. Berlin, the third album, was released in 1973; the Reed explores facets more serious music, with lyrics and orchestrations deeper. This album entered the top ten in the UK charts, but not in the United States. By then, his performances were live already spectacular.

The following work of Reed was Sally Can´t Dance, one of their best albums in sales figures, followed by Metal Machine Music, a mixture of electronic sounds. Indeed, it was said that disk was a joke to his audience and an album exclusively made for the contractual obligations with his label.

Until the end of the 1970s, Lou Reed released Coney Island Baby, Street Hassle, Take No Prisoners, and The Bells. The latter marked a shift in his artistic career and started a new stage in his solo career. The Blue Mask, of 1982, and New Sensations, published in 1984, came to confirm this change, with a more focused and mature Lou Reed. These discs had a good commercial success, which was fully confirmed by the end of the 1980s with the release of a new album: New York (1989), which combined commercial success and the rave reviews from the media, and resulted in an artistic and commercial revival of Reed.

Magic And Loss became public in 1992 to continue the good line by New York three years ago. A year later, the Velvet Underground came together again to play live in Europe, and although not obtain a spectacular success, many people felt curious to see to the old legends back on stage. The differences of the past, however, returned to emerge in this new meeting, and until you give them time to play for the United States were dissolved again. After this, it has been difficult to see together Lou Reed and John Cale, in a well in direct study.

In 1996 came a change of label to Lou Reed, who premiered their new contractual relationship with Warner Brothers Music with the album Set The Twilight Reeling. Lou Reed continued his professional career since then, rationing, that Yes, their live performances. Several of them are precisely collected in disc Perfect Night (Live), which was released to the market in 1998.

During the following years, Reed worked tirelessly on a new project to create compositions based on the texts of Edgar Allan Poe, one of the masters of the literary tenebrism. The result was first in POEtry, musical released in 2000 under the direction of Robert Wilson, and, secondly, on the album The raven (2003), album for which Reed had collaborators of exception, as David Bowie, the saxophonist Ornette Coleman and producer Hal Willner. His musical career was summarized in the 31 issues of the double CD NYC man, compilation which also saw the light in 2003. In 2004 he published Animal Serenade, and in 2007 Hudson River Wind Meditatios, which proposed a different style, a facet of the farthest from rock and roll artist, it is music to meditate and contemplate.

In the album released by Gorillaz 2010, Lou Reed sang together with the leader of the band, Damon Albarn, the song titled Some Kind Of Natura. On October 31, 2011 (1 November 2011 in the us.UU.) published the joint album by Metallica and Lou Reed, named Lulu.

April 12, 2008 was married in New York with the multimedia artist Laurie Anderson.