Biography of Fritz Reiner (1888-1963)

Conductor and Professor Hungarian, later naturalized American, born on December 19, 1888 in Budapest (then Austria-Hungary) and died on November 15, 1963 in New York. Highlighted by his precise technique and its control in the address, both opera and symphonic music.

He began his studies of piano with Professor Istvan Thoman and his studies of composition with Hans Kössler, while he studied law at the University. He made his first public appearance as pianist at the age of thirteen. Graduated at the Conservatory of Budapest at the age of sixteen. In 1909, he made his debut at the Komische Opera in Budapest. A year later he was appointed music director of the national theatre of Ljubljana, who also played between 1911 and 1914 at the National Opera of Budapest. Subsequently, he went to Dresden to the position of director of music of the Hofoper. In 1922, he emigrated to the United States, where he became director of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, which played until 1931. That same year he took the helm of the departments of opera and Orchestra of the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia, where he remained until 1941. Among his disciples were American Composers Leonard Bernstein and Vincent Persichetti.

Between 1938 and 1948 he held the position of director of the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, and between 1949 and 1953 he was resident director at the Met (Metropolitan Opera of New York). He was then appointed principal conductor of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, in which remained until 1963.

Despite its violent nature, he was respected by members of their orchestras for their mastery in the direction. He became known for his interpretations of the works of his teacher Béla Bartók, by Richard Strauss and Richard Wagner. She also played works by Roger Sessions, Paul Creston and Norman Dello Joio.

Amelia Goes is credited with the first public performance of the opera to the Ball (1937), composition by Gian Carlo Menotti, as well as of the second suite of Antiche arie e danze per lauto of Ottorino Respighi (1924), hymn to Apollo of Arthur Bliss (1927), dedicated to Reiner, and the concert for two Pianos and Orchestra of Béla Bartók in 1943. In his discography include his interpretations of works by Béla Bartók, Johannes Brahms, Gustav Mahler, Modest Mussorgsky, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Richard Strauss and Giuseppe Verdi.