Biography of Juan Rico (s. XVIII-XIX)

Spanish revolutionary priest, born in Monovar (Alicante) in date unknown, and whose date of death is also ignored.

He was leader of the Valencian revolution in 1808, as well as member of the Board of Valencia. The Board named him vicar general of the army and of the kingdoms of Valencia and Murcia. At the end of 1808 was imprisoned, although at the same time it was considered Commissioner in old Castile, until in July 1811 declared him benemérito of the homeland. At the same time, the Council of Castile consulted Regency will not permit him to return to Valencia and to the general of the Franciscans bring you a convent for their residence.

Published, books, historical memories about the revolution of Valencia (since 23 May 1808 until the end of the same year), and the criminal case against the P. F. Juan Rico, Brigadier D. Vicente González Moreno, the Commissioner of war D. Narciso Rubio and others (Cádiz, 1811), foundational book for its subject, but modern criticism has shaded some of their claims. He published also naive answer to the paper which published the Dr. D. Miguel Oliván with the title of ' warning to readers of historical memories on the revolution of Valencia' (Cádiz, 1811) and an article or letter to Francisco Salinas de Moñino (Cadiz, dated July 4, 1811), author of a brief against him, where he defended some of the claims of the memoirs (published in the mercantile Journal of Cadiz(, the July 10, 1811). 8 July 1811 Rico asked the courts against this sentence deprived him of the use of vicar, but surprised at the convent of San Francisco de Cádiz by the Assistant Ruano and the same Governor Villavicencio, had to ship the 19 on the ship St. Paul, which led to Alicante. He was there reported an order of the Regency that has sent him to a convent outside of the Kingdom of Valencia. Rico refused and sent a trade to San Francisco general, fray Miguel de Acevedo (Alicante, September 3, 1811), in which it refused to obey until the courts decide (office published an article in Editor, no. 188, of the 19 December 1811). At the moment he went to St-Eustache, where served as liaison for the military matters between Alicante and Cadiz and made numerous trips.

Arrival to Cadiz with new plans for the war in February 1812 occurred in Valencia, but already on 3 may 1812 announced his departure for Alicante in order to integrate into the Executive Committee of the Kingdom of Valencia. On November 30, 1812, with other 700 citizens, signed a representation to the courts, in which expressed its uneasiness over the insufficient implementation of the Constitution. On 4 December 1812 he published an article against the Governor of Alicante, Joaquín Caamaño, who arrested individuals of the Valencia Town Council and ran over the Commander general Francisco Copons, the Mayor José Canga-Argüelles, who resigned, and the consul of S. M. Británica D. Pedro C. Tupper. The Regency took command to Copons and the Commission was dissolved. He was a Deputy for Valencia to the courts of 1822-1823.


"National historical archive", State, Leg. 15, no. 3.

LUCAS ARDIT, Manuel: Revolt and liberal peasant revolution, Barcelona, 1977.

Commercial newspaper of Cádiz [cf. the aforementioned numbers].

PALAU and DULCET, Antonio: Manual of Hispanic-American bookseller, 2nd Edition, Barcelona, 1948-1977.

General editor of Spain [cf. the aforementioned numbers].

RIAÑO, Camilo: The Lieutenant General Don Antonio Nariño, Bogotá, 1973.