Biography of Yannis Ritsos (1909-1990)

Greek writer, born in Monenvasia, in a noble family who suffered different avatars to the loss of all their possessions: twelve died his mother and brother, and was soon after admitted his father in a mental hospital. The own Yannis Ritsos suffered for several years admission to a hospital, sick from tuberculosis. He/She died in Athens.

From a young age he/she showed a militant and revolutionary spirit, and was involved in worker revolts. In 1934 published tractors, inspired by the mechanistic Futurism of Maïakovski, in 1936 the long poem Epitaph, and the following year the song of my sister. He/She fought in the resistance against the German occupation and also fought the authoritarian regime of his country, participated in the civil war, which would involve him after several years in prison and deportation under the right-wing Government. In 1952 it was released and it could then publish books such as Grecidad (1954), Sonata clear Moon (which won the national prize of poetry in 1956), fourth dimension (1957), the elderly and the Sea (1958), the dead House (1962), Orestes (1966) or Helena (1972), works in which reflects the pain of injustice and suffering. After a few years of truce that was able to write and travel, he/she returned to be imprisoned between 1967 and 1971 after the seizure of power by the military junta. Later would be deported back to Samos, although he/she continued to write for several years after: the wall in the mirror (1973), Journal of the exile (1975), remoteness (1977), body and blood (1978) or Canto de victoria (1983). In 1977, he/she was awarded the Lenin peace prize.