Biography of Jerome Robbins (1918-1998)

Dancer, choreographer and artistic director American, born in New York on October 11, 1918 and died in the same city on July 25, 1998.

He was a pupil of New York University and studied classical dance with her Daganova, Eugene Loring and Antony Tudor, Spanish dance with Hélène Veola, modern dance with Sonia Robbins and Alice Bentley and dramatic art with Elia Kazan. In 1937, he/she made his debut at Gluck Sandor-Felicia Sorel Dance Center, group which participated in various music magazines of Broadway between 1938 and 1940. He/She joined the Ballet Theatre in 1940, and from the following year until 1944 was a soloist in the company. He/She premiered the role of youth in Three Virgins and a Devil (1941) of Agnes de Mille, Alfonso in Bluebeard (1941) of Mikhail Fokine, a lover with experience in Pillar of Fire (1942) and Benvolio in Romeo and Juliet (1943) by Tudor. For this company, he/she made his first choreography, Fancy Free (Bernstein, 1944), followed by Interplay (Gould, 1945) and Facsimile (Bernstein, 1946). Between 1949 and 1958 was dancer, choreographer and associate artistic director of the New York City Ballet, and from 1969 ballet master main, who shared since 1983 with Peter Martins.

Most of his ballets have been created for the New York City Ballet; among them are: Age of Anxiety (Bernstein, 1950), The Cage (Stravinsky, 1951) premiered by Nora Kaye, The Pied Piper (Copland, 1951), Afternoon of a Faun (Debussy, 1953), Fanfare (Britten, 1953), The Concert (Chopin, 1956), Dances at a Gathering (Chopin, 1969), In the Night (Chopin, 1970), Goldberg Variations (Bach, 1971), Watermill (Ito, 1972), Pulcinella (Stravinsky, 1972) choreographed by George BalanchineRequiem Canticles (Stravinsky, 1972), A Beethoven Pas de deux (Beethoven, 1973) subsequently included in Celebration (1973), An Evening completo Waltzes (Prokofiev, 1973), Dybbuk Variations (Bernstein, 1974), In G Major (Ravel, 1975), Mother Goose (Ravel, 1975), The Four Seasons (Verdi, 1979), The Dreamer (Prokofiev, 1980), Piano Pieces (Tchaikovsky, 1981), Concertino (Prokofiev, 1982), Gershwin Concerto (Gershwin, 1982), Glass Pieces (Glass, 1983), I am Old Fashioned (Gould1983) as a tribute to Fred Astaire, Brahms/Handel (Brahms, 1984) choreographed with Twyla Tharp, Antique Epigraphs (Debussy, 1984), In Memory of (Berg, 1985), Quiet City (Copland, 1986), Ives, Songs (Ives, 1988) and Allegro con Grazia (Tchaikovsky, 1991). He/She left the company in 1991, after celebrating the Festival of Jerome Robbins in New York, where many of his ballets replenishment.

Robbins also had his own company, Ballets: USA between 1958 and 1961, for those who created New York Export: Op. Jazz (Prince, 1958) and Moves (without music, 1959). He/She choreographed for various films and musicals, among them: On the Town (Bernstein, 1945), The King and I (Rodgers, 1956), West Side Story (Bernstein, 1961) which earned him an Academy Óscar, Fiddler on the Roof (Bock, 1964) and Jerome Robbins' Broadway (various, 1989) with which won a Tony Award. Among the awards he/she received during his career: the prize Dance Magazine (1950-1957), the prize of womens clothing (1976), the Handel Medallion from New York City (1976) and the doctorate Honoris cause from the New York University (1980). He/She participated in the I contest International Ballet of Moscow (1969) as a member of the jury.