Biography of Eric Rohmer (1920-2009)

French filmmaker born in Nancy on April 4, 1920, whose real name is Jean-Marie Maurice Schérer. He died at age 89 in Paris, on 12 January 2009.

He studied at the Lycée Henri IV in Paris and from a very young collaborated in various film publications (Revue de Cinéma, Arts, Les Temps Modernes, La Parisienne), which allowed him to enter fully into the knowledge of the film and discover some of the films that marked his life, Quai des brumes (1938), by Marcel Carné, and it happened one night (1934), FrankCapra. During this time he taught also kinds of literature, an activity that would develop until 1950, and perform some short films.

By then he had already written my night with Maud and had published his only novel, Elizabeth, under the pseudonym Gilbert Cordier. As Dirk Peters signed years later "Bérenice", an episode in the television production histories Les extraordinaires of Edgar Allan Poe (1965). Its most important cultural linkage will be with the magazine La gazette du Cinéma and some centers of film Club, such as Objectif 49 and Quartier Latin. As in the meat and Capra's films had changed his career, Stromboli (1949), by Roberto Rossellini, changed its spiritual character and leaned towards Catholicism.

In 1951 participated in the birth of Cahiers du Cinéma, which saw its first issue in April. Seven years later, André Bazin disappeared header and Rohmer picked up the baton, playing the position of editor-in-Chief for 6 years. Both shared the assertion that the film was mechanically reproduce reality, but Rohmer was accused of reactionary, and was fired. Director autoexilió is then in the French educational Television for seven years more. In 1957 he published a book about Alfred Hitchcock , written in collaboration with Claude Chabrol at the Éditions Universitaires. Other books written by him include Charlie Chaplin (1973), Six contes moraux (1974) and Oraganisation of l'espace dans le Murnau Faust (1977). That same year wrote the screenplay for Charlotte et Véronique, Ou tous les Garçons s'apellent Patrick, short film by Jean-Luc Godard. His first film, the sign of the lion (1959), was produced by Claude Chabrol. With a shoestring budget, natural scenery and a short cast, Rohmer chronicled the ups and downs of a musician in terms of fall and rise. It was a resounding failure, but it made him realize what was the road that should follow up.

Since then her career has been produced by Les films du Losange, a production company founded by Barbet Schroeder. Also since then Rohmer liked grouping his filmography into series, cycles and experiments. "Six moral tales" are his first delivery. Six stories that the director had written in advance. The cycle consists of a short film, the boulangère de Monceau (1962) - which counts among its interpreters with Barbet Schroeder and Bertrand Tavernier-; a medium-length film, La Carrière de Suzanne (1963) - which it anticipated the interest of the director by simulating the literature within the film, and four feature films: the collector (1967), my night at Maud's (1969), Clara (1970) knee and love after noon (1972). In these first years Rohmer applied to strictly its own cinema principles, such as the use of the long flat against the mounting; but in 1965, he published a statement in which he would revisit his career and stated that so far the Assembly was the most important part of his films. The collector was starring Patrick Bauchau, who already had worked with Rohmer in La Carrière de Suzanne, and that this time he wrote part of the dialogues at the request of the director. This title and the Green Ray (1985) would be the only two occasions in which Rohmer had collaborators for the script. Your scripts will attend various cannons: a few, conventional; others, modified in each day of shooting, and almost everyone with a House brand: include characters played in the film by the same profession that in reality, as the priest of my night with Maud or the Decorator of the nights of the full moon. My night with Maud was precisely that gave him international recognition and decided you to leave his work in television. Clara knee confirmed this recognition and earned him in 1971 the National Society of Film Critics Award for best film. Then his studies had focused on space and in 1972, he presented his doctoral thesis entitled "L'organization de l'Espace dans Le Murnau Faust".

Moral tales, which are closed with love after noon, have a very similar plot basis: a narrator and his relationship with two women; a triangle where prevail thoughts rather than actions. After the cycle is complete, Rohmer decided to take a breather and undertook two literary adaptations. The marquise of O (1976), a Franco-German co-production where Rohmer appeared briefly as a Russian soldier, did you win the Grand Prize of the jury at the Festival de Cannes (1976). Rohmer, expressed by himself, intended to follow Word for Word the text of Kleist and try entering another era with the same success that had done so in his films over the current time. The second adaptation, Perceval le Gallois (1978), was the result of an interest in the novel of Chrétien de Troyes , who came of old, when in 1964 made for Television school a program of just half an hour illustrated with miniatures. Once again, Rohmer was in this adaptation of enter the ideals of the time and make them comprehensible to modern audiences. At this time, to its literary connection collation, Rohmer was approached for the first time theatre with Catherine de Heilbrown. It wasn't the only time. In his second transition - from the "comedies and proverbs" to "Tales of four seasons"-, it was decided by a dramatic work that he wrote: Le trio in e flat (1987).

The "comedies and proverbs" cycle began in 1980 with the wife of the Aviator. Emotional introspection and thinking will be again the protagonists of his following films, but this time according to characters who have in common the same social environment. The characters in this new cycle - which includes, in addition, good wedding (1981), Pauline at the beach (1982), the nights of the full moon (1984), the Green Ray (1985) and the friend of my friend (1987) - are younger, and the decisions that face, less important; their reactions are more linked to the passion. Though the cycle has its inspiration in the theatre of the 18th century, Rohmer intended to illustrate the loving customs of the 1980s through young Frenchmen, in a non-exempt of bitterness stories, notably Pauline at the beach (1983), winner of the silver bear and nominated for the Golden bear at the Berlin Festival in 1983. In the meantime, Rohmer directed also a film Bridge: four adventures of Reinette and Mirabelle (1986), that the director was shot while waiting to be able to start the Green Ray. The four adventures referred to the title are converted into four episodes: "The blue hour", "The waiter", "The beggar", "the cleptomana, the scammer and the sale of the picture". Through them, two friends, one of the field and another in the city, was taken care of a profound dialogue giving them certain naiveté. With story of spring (1989), Rohmer inaugurated a new cycle of moral parables. No chronological order - in 1992 Winter's tale, premiered in 1996 tale of summer and in 1997 tale of autumn, director retrieves the characters adults and, with the support of the climate, leaves a little side loving theme to plunge back into the reflection. Characters too focused on their own problems, treated with some remains of the Nouvelle vague, emerging from anonymity to demonstrate that the episodic and everyday life can become a smart speech.

The eagerness of reality, of the camera as a witness, carries with it a professional and creative philosophy. With the crew reduced to the Max, trying to approach as close as possible to the "single shot", thoroughly rehearsing, taking advantage of natural light. Another of its brands are the colors assigned to each one of his films, which also includes pictorial allusions. Voyeurism already implicit in the film is extended also in theme:, for example, affects the knee of Clara or Paulina on the beach; the very fact of its own camouflage: his appearances under costumes, the use of pseudonyms or the zeal with which keeps their privacy speak of your interest to see without being seen, show no show, which he has maintained throughout his career.

In April 2004 was awarded the fourth realm of the round Award for "clarity of their original cinematic style"; the jury also gave him the honorary title of "Duke of Olalla", which alludes to the story of the same title by Stevens, one of the favorite literary pieces of Rohmer. In October of that same year, on the other hand, he presented his new film Triple agent, based on the disappearance of the general Skolobine, a Russian spy during the second world war.

Filmography

Short films: 1950: Journal d' a scelerat.1951: Presentation/Charlot et are steak.1954: Berenice.1956: the sonate to Kreutzer.1958: Véronique et are cancre.1962: boulanger de monceau (and mounting). 1964: Nadja at Paris.1966: Une étudiante d 'aujord' hui. 1968: Fermière to montfaucon.

Feature films: (Rohmer is scriptwriter of all his films) 1959: the sign of the leon.1963: La Carrière de Suzanne.1965: Paris seen by... (episode "Place de l'Etoile"). 1966: the coleccionista.1969: my night at Maud.1970: Clara.1973 knee: love after the mediodia.1975: the marquise of O (and actor). 1978: Perceval, le Gallois.1980: women of the aviador.1981: the good boda.1982: Paulina in the playa.1984: the llena.1985 Moon: Ray verde.1986: four adventures of Reinette and Mirabelle (and actor). 1987: my amiga.1989 friend: Primavera.1992 tale: invierno.1993 tale: the tree, the Mayor and the mediateca.1995: Les rendez-vous paris.1996: verano.1997 tale: tale of otono.2001: English and the duque.2004: Triple agente.2007: the loves of Celadon and Astrée

As a screenwriter: 1957: Tous les Garçons s'appelent Patrick.

As an actor: 1970: Out One: Spectre.1994: Citizen Langlois.

Works for television: 1964: Les cabinets de physique au XVIII siècle; Perceval ou le conte du Graal; Les Métamorphoses du paysage industriel; Les histoires extraordinaires d'Edgar Allan Poe; Don Quichotte.1965: Victor Hugo: les contemplations; Mallar me; Les Bruyere Pascal characters; Carl Theodor Dreyer.1966: Louis Lumiere; Le Breton; Hugo Architecte; Her celluloid et le marbre.