Biography of Juan Romero Alpuente (1762-1835)

Politician, lawyer and Spanish writer born in Valdecuenca, Teruel, March 9, 1762, and died January 22, 1835 in Madrid.

Son of Pedro Romero Gómez and Josefa Alpuente, well-off tenants. He studied letters and grammar in Madrid, in the company of his brother the priest Joaquin Romero Cansino, and then continued his studies at the universities of Alcalá and Valencia. On 17 May 1783 he graduated in civil law, and the 20th of the same month and year obtained his doctorate.

In 1785 he made opposition to a doctoral benefice in the Cathedral of Albarracín, but he resigned to it to assist the study of lawyer Francisco Antonio Mendoza, which continued until 1791. He worked later with José Antonio Fita, until 1793 the less. It seems that at the same time it took two courses of cannons in Zaragoza, and one of Natural Law and of people in studies of San Isidro in Madrid. It also began attending the Academy of the Holy Spirit, which developed its first scientific production, the dissertation on competition posted in the literary Memorial (Madrid, February and March 1786).

On 2 December 1787 he was admitted to the Madrid Bar Association. The party and gang of Albarracín appointed you to attend the General meetings of the Mesta, custom that gave him great knowledge in economic matters. On April 2, 1794 was appointed Prosecutor of the audience of Valencia, thus beginning his long career as a judge. His opposition earned tax military captain general, Duke of the rock, being jailed with the other two judges on December 14, 1794, which were released on February 17, 1795 by order of Godoy .

On August 8, 1802 he was appointed judge of the Chancery of Granada, and Governor of the first Chamber of the crime in 1805. In 1807 he dared to open cause against the Regent of the Audiencia, Rodrigo Riquelme, guilty of serious crime, and also the captain general, Ventura Escalante, a Blockhead who had killed a person negligent. The result was that 13 September 1807 he was suspended for six months and sent the audience of Canary Islands. The outbreak of the war of Spanish independence prevented him moving.

He joined the Board of Teruel, and was one of the signers of his manifesto, of July 22, 1808 (written by Antillon), and in September 1808 published in Zaragoza its first political pamphlet the cry of reason to the invincible, authentic Spanish manifesto bourgeois. On 6 February 1809 Martín de Garay appointed him Commissioner of the Central Board to Jaen and Cordoba, with functions of enlistment and requisition of horses, mainly. He fulfilled his task to the full satisfaction of all, but not without experiencing some clashes with the powerful Chairman of the Board of the Carolina, fray Alonso de la Puebla.

Once ended in Jaén, on 25 June 1809 he moved to Cordoba, though, without knowing the exact reason, July 10 they kept him in jail. It is not known when he came out of it, but in 1810 he retired to Alicante and then to Granada, where pretended to collaborate with the French at the service of the Patriot cause, but had to flee across the rooftops (according to a somewhat fictional narration) pursued by the enemy.

In 1813 he appeared reinstated to the audience of Valencia, with temporary residence in Alicante. Wrote Wellington in Spain, and Ballesteros in Ceuta, C√°diz, Valencia and Granada (1813), sample of Spanish independence from the uncomfortable English ally at the time. It followed thoughts different conservation and happiness of the homeland, in 1814, year in which was transferred to audience of Castilla la Nueva, although the fall of the Constitution deprived of employment. He moved to live in Madrid, although he was then confined in Murcia, and there, in 1816 or 1817, became a mason.

The escape Van Halen precipitated his arrest: 14 February 1818 was held in the secret prisons of the Holy Office in Murcia. From here wrote many representations, with the help of his niece and Maid Vicenta Oliete, who joined his service after being in the service of his half-brother. Attention the request that made December 29, 1819 to allow him to work on the preparation of a criminal code. But the 12 of March of 1820 succeeded the Constitution in Murcia, and became acting political chief. It was only three months in office, since I may 22, 1820 he was elected Deputy to Cortes by Aragon (between 1820 and 1822), cuts that quickly went on to become perhaps the most important of the members exalted, not only for his work on them, but by their brochures: speech about the urgent necessity of extraordinary courts (Madrid1820, 2nd Edition in 1821), discourse on the Supreme Central Junta of conspirators (Madrid, 1821), discourse on the current Ministry (Madrid, 1822), answering a libelous article put in the spectator with the initials D.S. citizen Romero Alpuente, and observations about the pleasure with which the spectator has published (1822), and observations about the likely dissolution of the State (Madrid1823). His Masonic name was Aristarchus, according to list of the General archive of Palacio.

Villager was in 1821, and chaired the Landaburiana society between 1822 and 1823, until the moment in which the entry of the French led him to defend the country with weapons. Capitulated in Cartagena, he moved to Gibraltar, and in August 1825 he was already in London. There he lived poorly, and even spent hungry, since the British Government had excluded him from all subsidy for ideological reasons, and just some compatriots helped him. But not eyebrow in their political attempts, and took advantage of the Portuguese crisis moved to Lisbon, where they arrived on April 13, 1827, only to be expelled by the Portuguese Government due to the intervention of Ambassador A'Court. However that said, in a list of January 1829 of the English Committee on aid to Spanish refugees, dependent of Wellington, appeared with two pounds twelve shillings, and at the foot of the same is testifies that she was given five pounds in small amounts so that I could live.

With the revolution of 1830 France reborn hopes: writes three large days of France (1830), observations on the wrong prestige and disastrous of general Espoz y Mina (1830), proclaims the Aragonese (October 1830), instruction for talks to soldiers (manuscript), and, at the same time, the history of the revolution of Spain, whose manuscript sold in August 1831 and which did not print (printed finally in Madrid(, 1989). At the end of the exile he wrote discourse on what the death of Fernando VII will happen to Spain, with two editions, in October 1833 and in January 1834, respectively. In April this year he returned to Spain, and on 30 June 1834 Teruel named his attorney in cuts, although he did not take possession: the establishment disapproved their powers for not having enough assets, and on 26 July 1834 he was violently taken to prison for alleged complicity in the conspiracy of the Elizabethan. As it was not demonstrated anything, on 6 August 1834 was already released, and shortly thereafter headed an exhibition to Queen Governor. He died a few months of a catarrhal condition. His memory, discussed or enhanced as you likes them and political phobias of the Spaniards, has lasted until today, as the most Jacobin Deputy that was capable of producing our early liberal revolution.


PAEZ RIOS, Elena: Hispanic iconography. (Madrid, 1966. 5 vols.).

ROMERO ALPUENTE, Juan: Speech on the Supreme Board Central of conspirators against the constitutional system and about the legal and moral responsibility of Ministers. (Madrid, 1821;) Reprinted in Barcelona, 1821).