Biography of Pedro Romero Martínez (1754-1839)

Bullfighter Spanish, born in Ronda (Malaga) 19 November 1754, and died in place of origin on 10 February 1839.

Two geniuses in the transit of the enlightenment to romanticism: Pedro Romero, seen by Goya.

The first advantage that featured Pedro Romero to become, walking time, in one of the largest in the history of bullfighting bullfighters, was born in the bosom of a bullfighting dynasty, perhaps the main in the century of the enlightenment and, undoubtedly, one of the crests in Spanish bullfighters of all time. The founder of this brilliant family of bullfighters was Francisco Romero, whose skill deserved the attention of don Nicolás Fernández de Moratín, who, in his historic letter on the origin and progress of the Festival of bulls in Spain, said of him that "he was the first who perfected this art, using the toggle, waiting for the bull to face and firm foot", and killing him with melee". His son Juan Romero - who was for some years in his father gang as second sword, to then become a very considered by Madrid fans Bullfighter - had, in turn, four sons who inherited the vocation of the father and grandfather: José, Pedro, Gaspar and Antonio Romero.

Pedro soon spurned the craft family of calafate (almost all the Romero were, before matadores de toros, naval carpenters) and, as had his father at the gang of his grandfather, "joined" second sword between the subordinates of Juan, where he learned the basics of the bullfighting profession. Judging by what they tell historians of bullfighting from the 18th century, it seems that this phase of learning came to Pedro Romero very well in paterna gang, since until then had been little lucky with steers, against the express prohibition of his mother, had dealt to taking advantage of the absence of his father. Which, in one of his returns to round after having completed the season in Madrid, seeing that the fans of Pedro wouldn't disappear because many fight bans that are imposed on him, determined the boy to continue his trade and decided - as already has signed up above - take it in their gang.

In the Bullring of his people, Pedro Romero, lectured by his father, killed several steers on different occasions, notably one in which he estoqueó six bulls of the closure. In that day was caught Juan, by a remove that made his son when it, with youthful recklessness, was exposed to a serious danger. Through this and other similar sets, Pedro was acquiring technical fundamentals which, together with its excessive value and its natural knowledge of the behaviour of cattle, they were establishing him as the savviest Bullfighter of his time.

In Jerez de la Frontera, and still as a subordinate of his father, Pedro Romero participated for the first time in a celebration with picadors. He was, at that time, seventeen, and at such a young age because wanted to govern alone the rudder of his career and walked on the sand of the main squares of the country. Seems that you arose for the first time in Seville in 1772, which alternated with Manuel Palomo and Antonio Albano the death of eighty six bulls that were behind in just four days (at that time, the hobby was pleased to dedicate whole days, divided into morning, afternoon session and, at designated times to the bullfightingalso at night).

The first news of his presentation in Madrid dates from May 8, 1775, the day in which 18 bulls of don Miguel Gijón, benefit - grappled as prayed the posters-"real General hospitals and the passion," so that their [the benefits of the Bullfight] products are invested in the cure and assistance of the sick them poor. While see, once again, the extraordinary charity action that, at all times, have played the bullfights in Spain, you should also see in these posters gallantry, disposition and generosity of a Pedro Romero which, at age twenty-one, is offered to stock four bulls, "eager to please the public, imitating the referred Juan, his fatherIt has made the fortune to please many years." In the course of the aforementioned bullfight, the Romero had the opportunity to switch in the Madrid arena with another one of the geniuses of the bullfighting of the age of enlightenment, Joaquín Rodríguez, "Ribs". This was the creator of a sort to kill so-called, by then, vuelapies, whose novelty lay - basically - in that, at the time of the execution, the matador was to alienate the bull, instead of staying still, cite it, and receive it with a traditional lunge. The volapié, born as a resource intended only to put an end to those bulls that pure meek and unemployed, not plucked for the sake of the sword that was intended to receive them, soon became the luck most used for despenar the brave bulls, since it entailed less risk than the tremendous authenticity kill receiving. Pedro Romero, which dispatched more than five thousand five hundred bulls of any trapío, bravery and behavior, in his long and successful professional career led to gala until the end of his days not having had to resort never to what he considered a perversion of bullfighting in that trance in which its purity has to be more preserved than everi.e., at the hour of truth or ultimate fate.

The success of Pedro (who, in 1776, killed two hundred and fifty-eight bulls, toured five hundred fourteen leagues - close to three thousand kilometres - and won almost one hundred thousand reais) was rapidly eclipsing the bullfighting of relatives, while seconding that, by the desire which imposes the rivalry with the number one, the two most prominent rivals: the aforementioned "ribs", and José Delgado Guerra, "Pepe-Hillo". All three were good friends outside the Bullrings, but also rivals enconadisimos as were on the sand of any square. In Cadiz, in 1778, "Pepe-Hillo" and Romero staged a duel which happens to be one of the most famous in the history of bullfighting. The sevillano and the Ronda competed viciously before the Cádiz fans so this will determine who of the two killed with more bravery and efficiency; arrival hour of truth, "Pepe-Hillo", which had in the plaza with a true legion of supporters, threw down the crutch and cited with castoreno hat which, at present, to the times of montera. Seeing the fate so admirably executed, Romero responded by citing with a small comb the bull who was killed, struck down by the certerisimo estoconazo of the master fell. To ultimately had to intervene the authority to prevent both swords continue making fanfare of recklessness in the moment of executing the Supreme luck, because it was feared that pique would not conclude until not one any of them fell wounded.

Sets of this kind were drawing about Pedro Romero a halo of mythical torero, definitely consolidated when, once removed forever from the arenas, he repaired in that he had never suffered a serious mishap. Such a withdrawal, intended in principle to 1794, was delayed until 1799, because the great Bullfighter couldn't live away from the arenas. There in 1830, when it was already very old for any activity of taurine, seek the direction of the newly created School of bullfighting in Seville (unnecessary institution that the ominous Fernando VII created for mocking, among other things, of the Spanish universities, closed by an infamous Decree his that same year). Romero won the post - promoted, initially, for the good overseen Bullfighter Jerónimo José Cándido, who had been a disciple of the Ronda maestro - requested, and served very efficiently all the ungrateful tasks requiring a project marked with the sign of failure since it was conceived.

It is famous that the old Pedro Romero retained his temperament and their youth vigor until well into in old age, and who came to kill a bull when he had already reached the age of seventy. He died in Ronda, in 1839, without having seen diminished its colossal forces or have felt the rigors of old age.


-CABRERA-BONET, r. and ARTIGAS, M.T. The bulls in the Madrid press of the 18th century. (Madrid: Instituto de Estudios Madrileños, 1991).

-GONZALEZ ACEBAL, Edmundo. Hillo and Romero. (Reflections on the styles of bullfighting). (Madrid: jose and Juan, 1962).