Biography of Pedro Rosselló (1944-VVVV)

Politician and Puerto Rican physician, Governor of Puerto Rico from 1993 to 2001, born in 1944 in San Juan. Physician in Pediatrics and Professor of that specialty, and son of the psychiatrist Juan Rosselló and Iris González, belongs to the third generation of a Mallorcan family that went to "the Americas" to Puerto Rico at the beginning of century.

He studied primary education at Academia Santa Teresita, which continued in the perpetual help Academy, where he graduated in 1962. Determined to study medicine, he traveled to the United States. There she obtained in 1966 the baccalaureat in Sciences "magna cum laude" at the University of Notre Dame, and in 1970 the title of doctor of medicine, also "cum laude", at Yale University. Later he specialized in general surgery and Pediatric Surgery at Harvard University. In 1981, he completed his studies with a master's degree in public health at the school of medical sciences of the University of Puerto Rico. However, her desire to teach led him to make an additional doctorate in education at the University. He began his teaching as a professor at the University of Medicine of Harvard.

On the other hand, in his youth, was an outstanding tennis player. He won more than 15 competitions in Puerto Rico and was considered among the best 30 players of United States. He represented Puerto Rico in several tournaments in the American continent and the ninth Pan American Games and of the Caribbean, in Jamaica (1962). When he graduated in Notre Dame was captain of the team of the University, as well as the best student-athlete. From 1981 to 1984 he was President of the Tennis Federation of Puerto Rico.

After fourteen years in the United States, he returned to Puerto Rico in 1976, where continued in their profession. It was Professor of surgery at the University of Puerto Rico. In addition, he served as a pediatric surgeon. Later he was Chief of surgery Pediatric of the children of the University Hospital of Puerto Rico and, from 1989 to 1992, director of surgery at this institution.

Several years after his return, Rosselló began to turn his career around and became interested in public health. He was convinced that to carry out their ideas "needed the political arm". In 1983, a phone call from the then resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico in the U.S. House of representatives.UU and candidate for mayor of San Juan, Baltasar Corrada del Río, changed his life forever. After a first encounter, Corrada del Río integrated it into his campaign Advisory Group and, after reaching the Mayor of San Juan, offered him the direction of the Department of health of the capital charge where he remained about three years, from 1985 to 1988.

As director of the Health Department of San Juan, he made an outstanding work. Among other things he carried out a comprehensive plan for the benefit of the most deprived persons, named "Alliance for health". When he started working in the municipality of San Juan Rosselló had a purely technical conception of his position and then not be happening by head make partisan politics.

However, many people of the new progressive party (PNP) began to see him as a defender of the cause of the party. In the summer of 1987 people linked to the PNP did know who thought him as a candidate for Resident Commissioner in the Chamber of representatives of the United States (with voice but no vote in the House); and the doctor ended up accepting the proposal. In 1988 he gave up the direction of the San Juan Health Department to be able to aspire to the post of Commissioner in the general election of that year, but did to the be again chosen the candidate of the Popular Democratic Party (PPD), Jaime Fuster, narrowly.

He was appointed second Vice President of the PNP in January 1989 and President on June 23, 1991, replacing Carlos Romero Barceló, who in the last seventeen years was the leader of this party, except between 1985 and 1989, when he handed the Presidency to Corrada del Río.

His candidature for the post of Governor of the country became official on July 9, 1991. He was elected in the elections of November 3, 1992 with an advantage of more than 75,000 votes against the candidate for Governor of the Democratic Popular Party (PPD), Victoria Muñoz Mendoza. On 2 January 1993, Pedro Rosselló was sworn in as new Governor of Puerto Rico and promised to give priority to the possibility of reaching the star that symbolizes this Caribbean country to become the State United States 51. In 1993 called a new referendum on the status of the island in which triumphed the option of keeping the agreement of free association with the United States on the proposal of the annexation, supporters of the incorporation as a federated state. However, the results of this plebiscite were so tight (48.6% in favour of the Commonwealth, 46.3% in favour of the federalist thesis and 4.4% in favour of full independence) that Rossello has promised the holding of another referendum.

On January 28, 1993, he signed the controversial project, which repealed the law of the Spanish language as the only official language in Puerto Rico and raised in the same category the English while on the island, with 3.6 million inhabitants, only speak English 20% of its population.

In 1996, he was again re-elected Governor of Puerto Rico, following the outcome of the November election, where he received 51.2 percent of the votes, against 44.4 of Héctor Luis Acevedo, the PDP, and 3.8 of the pro-independence candidate, David Noriega. After reedit his triumph in the legislative, the PNP leader made good on his promise and called a referendum on the status of the island in December 1998 but Puerto Ricans chose again to not alter the nature of the constitutional relationship between Puerto Rico and United States.

In 1999, Rosselló announced that it would not aspire to run for reelection in the November 2000 elections that, finally, the triumph gave the opposition PDP and its new leader, Sila María Calderón, who vowed the office of Governor on January 2, 2001. Temporarily away from the Puerto Rican active policy, the former Governor was installed in Boston. Public exile lasted hardly a legislature, and in November 2004 attended again to the elections for the governorship of Puerto Rico. It pitted his candidacy of the governing Aníbal Acevedo Vilá who finally defeated Rosselló with a tight victory.