Italian composer, born in Pesaro in 1792 and died on November 13, 1868. Belonging to a family of musicians, he studied singing in Bologna and soon showed vocation for the Theatre: in 1810 premiered in Venice the marriage contract. After several minor successes premiered his first opera of importance, Tancredo, in 1813, beginning a series of successes: the Italian in Algiers (1813), Elizabeth, Queen of England (1815), the Barber of Seville (1816) and La gazza ladra (1817) and Armida (1817), model of romantic opera. The loss of the audience did then leave Venice and settled first in London and then in Paris, where he was director of the Italian theatre (1824), and triumphed with Moses (1827) and Guillermo Tell (1829). However, not returned to write for the theatre but reaches its greatest success with his Stabat mater (1842), one of the works of religious music. Returned to Italy, the political turmoil forced him to settle permanently in Paris (1853).
His style can be defined in principle as an extension of the 18th within the century of romanticism. In his works he sings joy, movement, life... It has an innate sense of the theatrical effect, a finished technique and a surprising musical, both melodic and rhythmic inventiveness. His tendency to avoid excesses is reproached him in their time, but that is precisely the validity of his work.
Otello; performers: Bruce Ford, William Matteuzzi, Elisabeth Futral, Enkelejda Shkosa, Ildebrando D'Arcangelo, Geoffrey Mitchell choir, Philharmonia Orchestra; Director: David Parry; It operates rare 18 ORC (3 CDs). Il Barbiere di Siviglia; performers: C. Bartoli, G. Banditelli, P. Burchuladze, Nucci, Arbace, Pertusi, Tadeo, etc.; Choir and Orchestra of the Teatro Comunale of Bologna director: Patané; Dec 425 520-2 ZB (3 CDs). L'italiana in Algeri; performers: Gonda, Pace, Baltsa, Lopardo, Cordelli, Dara, Raimondi, choir of the Vienna State Opera, Vienna Philharmonic, Deutsche Gramophon, DG 427 331-2 (2 CD). Stabar Mater; performers: Verrett, Zylis-Gara, Pavarotti, Zaccaria, choir and Orchestra of the RAI; IMS Mdr 28 012 (2CDs). Sonatas to 4 Nos 1-6 for strings; interpreters: I solisti italiani; Den Co 1846/47 (2 CDs).Gioacchino Rossini: Guglielmo Tell; Performers: Freni, Jonnes, Connell, Noble, Palma, ilnes, Allan, Ghiaurov, Mazzoli, Tomlinson, Ambrosian Singers, National Philharmonic Orchestra of London; Dec 417 154-2 ZC (4 CDs