Biography of Henri. El aduanero Rousseau (1844-1910)

French painter, best known as Le Douanier (the customs), born on May 21, 1844 in Naval and died on September 2, 1910 in Paris. Rosseau is the most famous of the artists 'naive'. His nickname refers to a job that was in the office of customs duties of Paris from 1871 to 1893, although in fact never was 'Customs', i.e. official customs. Prior to this period, from 1870 to 1871, he was in the army, and later claimed to have served in Mexico (place where some of their pictures). This is questionable since it might be a figment of his imagination. He devoted himself to painting as a pastime, and requested early retirement in 1893 to be able to devote himself to art. It had a very naive character. He had to endure many taunts and large poverty although he never stopped trusting their own capacity. His innocence and charm, that managed to convey in his paintings, in addition to its crisp, polished style, safe and serene earned him the admiration of the avant-garde. It was hailed by Alfred Jarry, Guillaume Apollinaire, Robert Delaunay and Pablo Picasso, whom she had met in 1906. In 1908, the latter and Apollinaire organized a legendary feast in his honor where Picasso said: "we are the two greatest artists of our time: you Egyptian fashion, and I to the modern".

Explorer attacked by a Tiger (oil on canvas, 1904). Foundation (Merion, United States) Barnes.

Rousseau is currently well known for his scenes of the jungle, the first of which was surprised! (tropical storm with a Tiger) (1891, National Gallery, London) and the last dream (1910, MOMA, New York). Both are large-format and demonstrate his loving attention to detail as well as his amazing freshness of vision and your imagination. Gauguin said that candido Rousseau world contained the oasis of peace that he had gone to seek to the Marquesas Islands. The rest of his work extends from the colorful mood of football players (1908, Philadelphia Museum of art) to the Hypnotizing and mysterious beauty of the sleeping Gypsy (1897, MOMA). Rousseau was buried in a mass grave, but his greatness began to be recognized immediately after his death by the open fight which had unleashed against the Academy. In this way, Rousseau becomes a symbol of this struggle and opens the door of the history of art to primitive artists, both to which precede it as to those who follow him.

Soccer (oil on canvas, 1908). Solomon R. Guggenheim (New York, United States) Museum.


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