Biography of Zinovi Petrovich Rozhdestvenski (1848-1909)

Russian Admiral was born in Petersburgo in 1848, where he/she also died in 1909, at the age of 61. He/She joined the naval army when he/she was just 17 years old. He/She distinguished himself in the war Russian Turkish (1877-78), but it was a military command in one of the most disastrous battles for the Soviet Navy in the war against the Japanese between 1904 and 1905 (see Russo-Japanese war).

Chief of the General staff of the Russian squadron in the Baltic Sea was is triggered when the war against the Japanese. When he/she led his fleet to East Asia, in the North Sea he/she stumbled upon a few fishing boats of Hull who launched an inappropriate attack. In May 1905, in the battle of Tsushima, the Russian Baltic fleet of Rozhdestvensky was caught by the Japanese and suffered an overwhelming defeat after having been at sea for six months. The Japanese, who acted under the orders of Admiral Togo, were the first to use the naval radio in a battle. Only escaped the disaster a few ships managed to dock in neutral ports; others with better luck reached their destination (Vladivostok). Several warships of the Russian army and by some eight thousand sailors were captured. On May 19, 1905, Rozhdestvenski was replaced by Admiral Birilev as Commander of the Russian forces.

This defeat of the Soviet Squad, along with others on the Mainland, were enough for the Soviet leaders realize that the war was lost; They then agreed to almost all of the demands required by the Japanese; the armistice was reached in August, 1905, when the signing of the peace treaty took place in Portsmouth under the supervision of the President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt.

The review of the case was held in 1906, a year after the defeat. A martial court investigate military Rozhdestvenski attitude on the field of battle. He/She was freed from all blame on the grounds that the defeat was due to the poor state of the Russian Navy, and not their incompetence.