Argentine politician, President of the Radical Civic Union (UCR), Mayor of the city of Buenos Aires and later elected President of the country in the elections of October 1999, born in Córdoba on September 15, 1937.
He attended secondary school at the Liceo General peace of Córdoba and twenty-one graduated in law, with gold medal, by the Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Then he/she obtained his doctorate at the same University with the thesis "Remedy of Cassation in right positive Argentine". Militant of the UCR (Radical Civic Union) in 1963 he/she moved to Buenos Aires to perform various functions as Advisor in the Cabinet of the Ministry of the Interior of the Government headed by Arturo Illia (1963-66), overthrown by a coup that gave power to the general Juan Carlos Onganía.
Once restored the democracy in 1973, thanks to the backing of radical leader Facundo Suárez, De la Rua got a record of Senator for the Federal Capital. In September of that same year was candidate to the Presidency of the Republic, forming a tandem with Ricardo Balbín - who had won in the internal elections of the radicals to Alfonsin, but they were defeated by marriage Peron. He/She continued at his seat of Senator until the March 24, 1976 coup d ' état that overthrew Isabel Perón of the Presidency of the Republic and gave way to the military Junta. Then he/she studied and lectured at universities in the United States, Mexico, and Venezuela.
In 1980 it became a part of the National Congress of education and culture of the UCR, and two years later created the center of studies for the Republic, which later became Foundation for the study of political issues related to Buenos Aires. In 1983, during the first presidential election after the military dictatorship, he/she fought for the nomination of the UCR to the Presidency of the Republic, but was defeated by Alfonsin, who finally took the Presidency. That same year, in the October legislative returned to get his former seat of Senator for Buenos Aires, where he/she won 62 percent of the votes. He/She was one of the senators who voted in favor of the "law of Punto Final" in December of 1986, which was granted within 60 days to report to police officers or soldiers involved in human rights violations.
Considered the "strong man" of Buenos Aires, in the elections for a record of Senator for Buenos Aires in mid May 1989, De la Rua was the most voted candidate, but was not done with the seat to forge a Pact in the Electoral College between Peronists and members of the UCEDE, which gave the post to the Peronist Eduardo Vacca.
In full stage of Peronist rule in the country, a seat of Deputy he/she won in the legislative elections in Buenos Aires province on September 8, 1991. Days later Alfonsin submitted the resignation to the Presidency of the UCR and it is outlined, along with Eduardo Angeloz, as one of the three great leaders of the formation.
In addition, he/she went to preside over the Radical group in the Chamber of Deputies, the main opposition group. Again, on June 28, 1992 became the seat of Senator for Buenos Aires to get 52 percent of the votes, against little more than 30 obtained Avelino Porto, backed by the UCEDE and the Peronist party. This result was a severe setback for the pretensions of Menem reformed the Constitution and submitted to the President's re-election. The balance of electoral sympathies showed losing UCR legislative of October 1993, the first defeat in 10 years.
It supported Alfonsín so recovered in November 1993 the President of the UCR, but openly opposed the negotiations that the leader of the radicalism held with Menem to bring about constitutional reform. After the defeat of the UCR in constituent elections of April 1994, the party was plunged into a major crisis, in September of that year withdrew its candidacy to represent the radicals of the UCR in the presidential elections of May 1995, as did Alfonsín and Angeloz, although he/she announced that he/she would opt for the mayoralty of the capital.
UCR suffered its worst results in the history of the party, to get their candidate Horacio Massaccesi only 15 percent of the vote and move to third place in the presidential elections of 1995. Finally, in November 1995 not opted to do with the Presidency of the UCR, a refusal which also presented its two most prominent opponents, which allowed Rodolfo Terragno do the job.
De la Rúa elected first head of Government of the city of Buenos Aires (Mayor) in the direct elections of June 30, 1996, a choice which until then was a prerogative of the President of the Republic, but that was changed in the Constitution of the 94. He/She took office as intendant (Mayor) August 6, date in which began the autonomy process which culminated in October of that year with the approval and jura of the first Constitution of Buenos Aires.
His career as Mayor of Buenos Aires led him to occupy the first place to qualify for the radical candidacy for the presidential elections of 1999. Once achieved, in August 1997, the agreement between the UCR and the FREPASO to form the Alliance, with which he/she agreed, this coalition defeated the justicialistas in the legislative of October of that year, losing the ruling party an absolute majority. Shortly thereafter, in November, Alfonsín supported to take over the Presidency of the UCR and this was the consensus reached among the various sectors. It happened at the Al Terragno. Then, on 3 April 1998 his party proclaimed him presidential candidate. The Alliance coalition presented on 10 August of that year the document "Letter open to los Argentinos", in which anticipated what would be your plan of Government if they won in 1999, and passing by maintaining economic stability, fight against corruption and unemployment and correcting social injustices.Got, on November 29, 1998, the candidacy to the Presidency for the Alliance coalition, defeating Graciela Fernández Meijide. De la Rúa won 66 percent of the votes against 33 per cent of the Deputy of the FREPASO. With that majority support and polls in their favor, de la Rua got beat Peronist candidate Eduardo Duhalde at the presidential elections of October 24, 1999, and was proclaimed new President of Argentina.
Received as a great hope for the country by many Argentines weary of the long decade Menem, the popularity of De la Rua fell sharply shortly after completing their first year of Government. Accused of inability to meet runaway deficit and the resulting indebtedness of the State, the gravity of the economic situation in the country caused a political crisis that cost him the post in less than three weeks, two economic ministers and two Secretaries of State. Finally, De la Rua entrusted controversial financial portfolio to Domingo Cavallo, candidate of action by the Republic in the presidential elections of 1999 that only got the support of 10% of the votes. But the man who was the growth engine of the country in the first Government of the Peronist Menem had to admit, a few weeks, their inability to resolve the crisis. The irremediable collapse of the Argentine economy sparked panic in the markets and De la Rua the opposition proposed the creation of a Government of national unity to avoid chaos.
Held in October 2001 legislative elections to renew the 72 Senate seats and 127 of the 257 minutes of Deputy of the Congress, the UCR of Fernando de la Rúa suffered a severe defeat for the Peronist cause of the Judicialista party, which achieved the victory in a call that is characterized by the high rate of abstention and null votes and blank; interpreted by analysts as a clear expression of rejection of the citizen towards the political class of the country. The threat of financial bankruptcy planned with intensity in the country at the end of year and new banking measures taken by Cavallo, which drastically limited the use of money in cash to citizens, were answered from the trade unions with a new call for general strike, the seventh against the Government of President De la Rua. The Conference, preceded by numerous public protests, was peppered with incidents and managed to paralyse the country on December 13, in a clear reflection of the deep malaise of the Argentine society.
A week later came the inevitable social explosion. Hundreds of people, spurred by hunger, growing poverty, non-payment of their salaries, the banking restrictions and, above all, by a widespread sense of helplessness, launched the assault and looting of shops and supermarkets in major cities of the country. Overextended totally by the most serious events of the last decade, the night of December 19, the President decreed the State of siege. The fall of his Government ventured how immediate and events rushed in this sense. Incidents in the street claimed more than 20 dead and the Economic Minister Domingo Cavallo left office while, in a last attempt to redirect the situation, De la Rua offered to his political rivals of the Peronist party the formation of a Government of national unity. Peronism replied negatively to the Presidential proposal to force an early call for elections and the same 20 December, De la Rua resigned and left the Casa Rosada helicopter. In the absence of the Vice President, resigned a year before, the President of the Senate, Ramón Puerta, he/she assumed the position on a provisional basis. A few hours later, the outgoing President returned to his office to adopt its final decision of Government; the repeal of the State of siege.
Three years after leaving the first judiciary of the country, the Argentine justice proceedings initiated against him for embezzlement of public funds and was their property, as a precaution.