Biography of Arthur o Artur Rubinstein (1887-1982)

American pianist of Polish origin, born in Lodz (then part of the Russian Empire) on January 28, 1887 and died in Geneva (Switzerland) on 20 December 1982; holder of an admirable technical perfection, especially highlighted in the staging of the works of Chopin and was one of the best interpreters of the 20th century.

Last of seven children in a Jewish family dedicated to the industry, before devoting itself to the piano took his first steps in music with a violin. At the age of seven years he made his first appearance in public, at eight he entered the Warsaw Conservatory, where he studied with Rozycki, and to the thirteen debuted in Berlin with the Philharmonic Orchestra, directed by his teacher Joseph Joachim. In addition, pupil of Heinrich Barth, R. Breithaupt and his compatriot was a Ignacy Paderewski, and Johannes Brahms had one of his first and most illustrious admirers. In 1905 he travelled, for the first time to the United States, where he played with the Philadelphia Orchestra at Carnegie Hall; Despite being welcomed coldly by the American public, the enormous talent that had led him to start a long career littered with greatest hits.

During World War I he was drafted by the allies because of its ease for languages; in those years (1916-1918) he made trips through South America and Spain, where he came into contact with the works of the composers Manuel de Falla, Enrique Granados and Isaac Albéniz, who knew how to interpret masterfully, to the point of being considered the best interpreter of Iberia by Albéniz. Vitality transmitting their music was a reflection of what was his personal life, since it possessed a nature cheerful and optimistic; It was a talkative cult, witty and fun, in addition to having an intense love life.

In 1928 he recorded his first album, and despite show reluctant with the recorded sound, his over two hundred albums became a pianist with more sales in history. In 1932 he married Aniela Mlyniarski, daughter of conductor Emil Mlyniarski. Then came his final triumph in America (1937), on the same stage where he was debuting. He lived in France until the nazi invasion of 1940, when he moved to the United States and acquired U.S. citizenship. In 1953 he returned to his Parisian residence, although he also spent long periods at his home in the Spanish South coast.

Equipped with a vitalist and romantic spirit that allowed him to interpret masterfully to Brahms, Schumann, Beethoven , and Mozart, Rubinstein reached the highest levels of quality music, full of expressive richness and robust sound, but at the same time warm and subtle, and always unsurpassed technique with Chopin.

In its repertoire there were also not composers such as Stravinsky, Prokofiev, Villa-Lobos , Raveland Poulencmodern. In addition to concerts, he played often for radio and television, and appeared in some films; It remained active, with more than eighty years, until the 1970s, moment in which a progressive blindness forced him to retire.

He wrote an autobiography in two volumes entitled My young years (1973) and My many years (1980). Among other awards, he was named in Honor of the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando (1974) and received the Medal of freedom, awarded by the U.S. Government (1976).