Biography of King of Urartu Rusa I (ca. 733-714 a.C.)

(Ru-sa-a or Ur-sa-a) King of Urartu, son and successor of Sarduri II. His reign was characterized by its military campaigns - personally was a good Warrior - and for its large buildings. It is known that a statue of Russian I, in the city of Musasir Temple, had an inscription allusive to the struggles that had to reconquer the Kingdom of Urartu, whose provincial governors had become independent on the death of his father, Sarduri II. Another inscription, engraved in rocks in the vicinity of Lake Sevan (Gokcai) reports the defeat inflicted in one year to twenty-three countries around the Lake - including Uelikuhi - and the northern mountains in the Transcaucasia. Likewise, led his troops to the West, reaching in Anatolia region of Tabal and East the country progresses, after having crossed the lake Urmia. Where greater military interest put Russian I was in the land of Nairi, and especially in Musasir, real stopper between your country and the Assyrian Empire. A bilingual trail, set in Topzawa, exposed their claims about Musasir, whose chieftain, Urzana, residing in Ardeeni, owed him the throne. However, in 716 B.c. Sargón II of Assyria decided to confront frontally with Urartu, which first launched its powerful army against Mana and, two years later, against the countries of the East of lake Urmia. In this campaign it fell towards the Northeast and reached points of the own Urartu. In the subsequent fighting, the Assyrian was defeating the troops urarteas: in the Uaush mountains, Sofian, Marand, Tabriz, Ershk, and finally in Musasir. The temples and cities were looted, the treasures and works of art were carried to Assyria, destroyed irrigation fields. Russian I, the critical situation, chose to commit suicide. Such King urarteo is known the construction of different cities of new plant, among them Khaldini, as well as strengths, Teshebaini, Khaldibaini and Bastam (this in the Iran) formed by three citadels. He/She also endowed with a complex system of irrigation to the city of Rusakhindi and conveniently adapted the enclave of Toprakh-kale, which sometimes used as political capital. On his death, the throne was occupied by Argishti II, his son.