Biography of Luis Amadeo Fernando de Saboya (1873-1933)

Officer of the Italian Navy, Mountaineer and Explorer, born at the Palacio Real in Madrid on January 9, 1873 and died in Italian Somalia in 1933.

He was son of King Amadeo Iof Spain, and Doña María Victoria dal Pozzo della Cisterna, and cousin of King Víctor Manuel II of Italy. He was baptized with the names of Luis, Amadeo, José and Francisco. He left Spain with his family, when he was barely a month, by having his father renounced the Spanish throne.

Since childhood he was educated for a military career and showed a special provision for the Navy. The first time that he returned to Spain, with fifteen years of age and on the occasion of the Universal exhibition of 1888, was already a marine guard. He visited the Eritrea and took a trip around the world between 1893 and 1894. On 31 July 1897 he climbed Mount Saint Elias in Alaska, for the first time and determined its geological origin and its height. Two years later, an expedition to the North Pole directed by it, on board the ship Stella Polare, and commanded by Captain Umberto Cagni, reached the 33´ 86 ° N, the northernmost latitude until then. It is delimited to the land of Francisco José N. and showed the absence of Petermann land and the island King Oscar to circumnavigate the Island Prince Rodolfo. In 1906 he established a new milestone to be the first to scale the peak of Mount Ruwenzori, in Africa, with an expedition of eleven companions, among whom were Cagni and Winspeare, of the Italian Navy and the doctors Cavalli Molinelli and Rocati. In 1909, Luis Amadeo de Saboya led in northwestern India an expedition to Karakorum where they climbed Mount Godwin Austen, or K2, in Kashmir and established a new world record, reaching the altitude of 7500 m.

The Duke of Abruzzi lived in Rome and there offered lectures on his travels and geographical conclusions that had been reached after his explorations. The most important of these lectures was that performed at the teatro Real Argentine about his ascension to the Ruwenzori and attended by the Kings of Italy, the diplomatic corps and the Government in full.

On September 30, 1911, Luis Amadeo de Saboya was under the command of the troops that attacked Preveza, in Greece, in the first clash of the war between Italy and Turkey. Between 1914 and 1917, he directed the Italian part of the Allied Navy, during the first world war. At the end of his days was responsible for the colonization in Italian Somaliland, where he died.

His works of geographical description include the spedizione nel monte S. Elia nel 1897 (1900), the < < Stella Polare > > nel mare Arctic, 1899-1900 (1902), Esplorazione catena Ruwenzori (1907) and Esplorazione nella nei monti of the Karakorum (1910).