Biography of Lucien Saint (1867-1938)

Lawyer, diplomat and politician French, resident general of France in Tunisia (1920-1928) and Morocco (1928-1932). Born in Evreux (France), on April 26 in the year 1867, and died in Paris (France), on 24 February of the year 1938.

Prefect of Toulouse nothing more world war I burst, for their admirable management in office was transferred, with the same charge, the Bouches du Rhône and Aisene, two of the departments that most suffered the devastating punishment of the contest. There Saint Lucien returned to demonstrate some admirable qualities of organization and activity, thanks to which the region was rebuilt quickly regained its normal pulse. In the year 1920 was appointed resident general of France in the protectorate of Tunisia, where deployed a great policy of peace and détente in all its breadth, just when the nationalist problem began to manifest itself in all its harshness in the colony, with the nationalist party Destur as maximum strength of the same group. Lucien Saint, experienced diplomat and best organizer, did not hesitate to take a momentous decision for the good course of relationships between the colonial authorities and the Tunisians: the abolition of martial law which prevailed in the protectorate from the year 1911. At the same time, the old Consultative Assembly, considered by nationalist leaders as a power vacuum, was replaced by a great Council. Also created a Tunisian Ministry of Justice, established the separation of powers, and was granted permission to freedom of opinion and of Association, measurement of vital importance since it covered would be born several newspapers and associations, among which emphasize the labor movement leader by Muhammad Ali al - Halsi, who identified with the Neo Destur of Habib BourguibaIt would be the remote origin of the current General Union of Tunisian workers (UGTT).

Despite such measures, all of them in a draft deep social and political for the Tunisians, Lucien Saint had to face a very serious crisis when the Destur continued to promote all kinds of campaigns, demonstrations and acts of sabotage against French colonial interests and demanded more concrete action. This so tense situation reached its critical moment on April 5, the year 1922, when the Tunisian bey Muhammad V threatened to leave the throne if the demands of his people were not addressed suitably. Lucien Saint, after attempting to dissuade him without success and to avoid greater evils, ordered that the army forces surround the Palace beylical, a measure which was counterproductive results, since the excited masses took to the streets in all major cities of the country. Then there were violent clashes between the French military and police forces and the nationalist protesters, which were suppressed with unusual violence in a real bloodbath. Finally, the bey withdrew its threat and spirits returned to their runway, although Lucien Saint repealed all its measures reformist and conciliatory, replaced by others rather more restrictive, such as the Suppression of the freedom of press and the right of Association, with the consequent closure of all the political parties pronacionalistas.

After the Tunisian journey, paid off at the end of a way favourable to French colonial interests, in the year 1928 was sent to the protectorate of Morocco with the same position, where it remained until the year 1932, date in which presented his irrevocable resignation to stand as Senator for the Haute-Garonne Department in the general elections held that year. In Morocco, Lucien Saint was work of pacification and reconciliation similar to the performed in Tunisia, but with a big difference: never had to make use of force or coercion. Lucien Saint was monstraba as well as the most worthy continuation of the work undertaken by the general Lyautey in that country.