Biography of Antonio Salieri (1750-1825)

Italian composer, born August 19, 1750 and died in Vienna on May 7, 1825.

Protected by the Mocenigo family, at the age of fifteen he settled in Venice, where he studied with Ferdinando Pacini (song) and Gassmann (composition). With this last he went to Vienna in 1766, and there expanded its training with different teachers. He became known as a composer of religious music, conducted trials of the Opera (since 1769) and was presented as a composer of opera (1770). The death of Gassmann, in 1774, he was appointed court composer and director of the Imperial theatres of Vienna. Four years later he was appointed maestro di cappella of the Court, and from 1795 to 1818, also dealt with the direction of the Tonkünstler-Sozietat concerts. On the death of the Emperor José II abandoned its functions in the Court theatres and participated in acts of Coronation of Leopoldo II in Frankfurt in 1790. He composed L´Europa riconosciuta (1778) for the inauguration of the Teatro la Scala and Te Deum for the coronation of Francisco II (1792). Also devoted himself to teaching: directed from 1813 until his death section of choral singing of the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde and participated in the creation of the Academy of this society, of which he was director. On the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of his musical activities in Vienna in 1816, Schubert composed a cantata and dedicated to him the ten variations for piano in f on a theme of his, and Beethoven dedicated three Sonatas for violin and piano op. 12 (1799).

Salieri was one of the most renowned musicians in Vienna. It was one of the last great representatives of the Neapolitan tradition, emphasizing in his vocal music, and cultivated within the opera buffa the Viennese singspiel and the lyric tragedy in the style of Gluck. Between its production fit quote twenty-eight Divertimenti for piano and singing voice, several cantatas, masses, a Requiem, various religious works and some forty operas, including La fiera di Venezia; Il talismano; Falstaff or sia Lettre burle; The Danaïdes; Tararo; Ashur, King of Ormuz.