Biography of King of Asiria Salmanasar I (1274-1245 a.C.)

(Shul-Ma-an-a-Sha-red or Di-ma-nu-MASH) Fifth King of Assyria, corresponding to the stage of the so-called Middle Kingdom, successor of Adad-Nirari I. From the outset of his reign, Shalmaneser I had to deal with a few tribes that were going to form a new power, called the Urartu, North of the State, and to them that they got beat and punish, burning a large number of populations. The western area, the State of Khanigalbat, then ruled by Shattuara II, tried to oppose him with the help of the Hittite Khattusilis III and Aramaic troops, but the Assyrian king was able to defeat him and retrieve large territories (Kashyasi, Sudi, Kharran) to the village of Carchemish. A strict control and a full asirizacion policy ended up eliminating the autonomy of Khanigalbat around 1270 B.c. Shalmaneser I kept still skirmishes with the Hittites, the most serious of which was that motivated the military confrontation of Nikhriya, with victory for the Assyrian camp. After this fact, Shalmaneser I sent a series of letters to the Hittite vassal Kings (among them, to the Ugarit), communicating the victory. With Babylon casita, Shalmaneser I maintained a strict neutrality, given that interested him to fight for southern areas or to Assyria or Babylon could hope to take their weapons to the North, was in full dispute against the Elam of Untash-Khumban. Shalmaneser I, religious ideology began to mix very deeply with the military, and since then the god Assur who officially granted victory to the Assyrians who enable their kings turn in "who do not have the same". The annals of Shalmaneser I stop in detail the numbers of enemy soldiers killed or maimed (the blindness was than usual), the number of cities and towns conquered or destroyed and deported persons, relishing the story to point out examples of cruelty. In addition to build a new Palace and restored the Temple of Ishtar in Assur, Shalmaneser I built a new political capital in Kalakh (now Nimrud), located strategically between the Tigris and the great Zab, enclave that would be abandoned as soon as his son and successor Tukulti-Ninurta I took the throne on the death of his father.