Biography of King of Asiria Salmanasar III (858-824 a.C.)

(Shul-ma-nu-ashared or Shul-ma-an-a-sha-rit or DI-ma-nu-MASH) King of Assyria, son and successor of Ashur-Nasirpal II. Known by various historical sources (Balawat gates, black Obelisk), Shalmaneser III surpassed the feats of his father, aimed almost all provide fabulous economic gains and make their way towards the Mediterranean Sea, one of the vital constants of Assyria. Already in his first year of reign, he/she toured the North of Syria, where he/she got a big booty by defeating a coalition of neohititas Kings, among them, Sangara of Carchemish. The following year, it began its policy of conquests, focusing on more than thirty bells. It submitted, after costly battles, the Aramean State of Bit Adini in the bend of the Euphrates, controlling from its capital, Til Barsip (that rebautizaría like Kal-Shalmaneser), throughout the northern area, which imposed heavy taxes. Another objective was the submission of the Kingdom of Aram and its satellite States around the Orontes. This forced to Hadad'Ezer of Damascus (Adad-Idri in Aramaic sources) to form a coalition of twelve Kings - among them Irkhuleni of Hamath and Ahab of Israel- and present battle to Shalmaneser III at Qarqar (853 BC), where you could stop him, while the Assyrian king was considered winner. As a consequence of this battle, the Syrian States ceased temporarily to pay tribute to Assyria. However, Shalmaneser III continued their struggles against Aram, that three other times could cope successfully. A splitting of the 841 B.c. and killed Hadad'Ezer, Shalmaneser III could walk through the entire area of Damascus - without conquering it - achieving many States to pay him tribute, including tyre, Sidon and Israel (tribute of Jehu). Then, he/she turned to Cilicia, carrying out campaigns in Qu'e and thus intimidate other Kinglets of the area that had coalesced against his. Shalmaneser III was little interested in Babylon, with which there was of old a Treaty of peace which was renovated between Shalmaneser III and Nabu-apla-iddina. However, in the interval of their struggles came in support of the new King Marduk-zakir-shumi I, that had been stripped of half of his Kingdom by his own brother with the help of the Aramaeans. Shalmaneser III, treated with all benevolence to Babylon, officiated in temples and could bring is Chaldean area huge taxes, as we know from the reliefs of the base of the throne of Nimrud. In 834 B.c., feeling old, handed over command of the troops and the initiative campaigns to your faithful turtanu, the general Dajjan-Assur, who brought the weapons by all Urartu and the Elam. In 827 BC, one of his sons, Assurdan-apli, counting with the support of different Assyrian cities (including Nineveh, Arrapha and the own Assur) rebelled against him, and Shalmaneser III could do nothing to quell the situation. On his death, the throne passed to his son Shamshi-Adad V. Shalmaneser III is owned a magnificent statue of basalt, 1 ' 90 m high, today preserved at the Archaeological Museum of Istanbul.