Biography of Baltasar Samper i Marqués (1888-1966)

Mexico nationalized Spanish musicologist and composer. He/She was born in Palma de Mallorca on May 3, 1888 and died in Mexico City on February 18, 1966.

Son of Joaquim Samper, Baltasar opera singer began studying music in the Majorcan capital until at the age of 19 he/she moved to Barcelona to study piano with Enrique Granados, which then appointed him Professor of his particular Academy, and composition with Felipe Pedrell, who instilled interest in folklore. In Paris he/she took classes of Édouard Risler. He/She was a scholar of popular music of the Balearic Islands and its contribution to del Cançoner Popular de Catalunya was decisive.

In Barcelona, Samper wrote various works and worked as a music critic at the newspaper La Publicitat. After the Spanish Civil War, he/she moved to Toulouse (France), whose Cathedral was organist until in 1942 he/she decided to settle in Mexico. There he/she taught at the National Conservatory of the Central American capital, directed a choir and was director of archive of Mexican folklore.

Samper music combines the Mallorcan folklore with the French musical tradition, representing the Group of six, composed of Honegger, Milhaud, Germaine Tailleferre, Georges Auric, Louis Durey and the writer Jean Cocteau. He/She wrote works of various genres, which include his variations for piano, choral works Cançó trista and L´estiu, numerous works for voice and piano, sardanas and harmonization of Majorcan songs.

Samper was a founding member of the Group of eight, comprising interested in French modernism and the Catalan music composers.