Biography of George Sand (1804-1876)

French writer, whose real name was Amandine Lucie Aurore Dupin, but it was internationally known by the pseudonym of George Sand, born in Paris on 1 July 1804 and died at Nohant (Indre) on June 7, 1876.


Daughter of an unequal marriage (his father was the aristocrat Maurice Dupin de Francueil, owner of a mansion in Nohant, and his mother a seamstress named Sophie-Victoire Delaborde, which had been the lover of a quartermaster general), was educated by her grandmother in the countryside. He/She spent his childhood and adolescence between two worlds, the aristocratic and the bourgeoisie, much reading and riding with menswear, a habit that would never leave; He/She also smoked cigars, another cause for scandal at the time.

In 1822 he/she married baron Casimir Dudevant, marriage soon failed. In 1831 George Sand left her husband and moved to Paris with incurred two children of the marriage. Joined Jules Sandeau, with whom he/she would write the Rose novel et Blanche (1831) collaborated in magazines and befriended Balzac. Low male pseudonym wrote Indiana (1832), work with which reached great recognition between criticism and also of the public.

As for her private life, had relationships with Mérimée ("that was not worth"), Musset and the doctor Pagello. These loving frenzies over the eleven years of relations tormented with Chopin, which came to flee to the island of Majorca to surrender "to the perfect love in the shadow of the Myrtle", led her to be very criticized by the society of his time, besides for their innovative, democratic and Socialist ideas.

Influenced by Bourges, Leroux and Lammennais, founded two newspapers to be able to disseminate their ideas anticlerical, feminist, and in favour of the most disadvantaged: La Revue independente (1841) and L' Éclaireur (1844). He/She participated actively in politics until the revolution of 1848, when, disillusioned, retired to the countryside in Nohant.

He lived his last 30 years dedicated to the theatre (set up a theatre at Nohant to represent adaptations of his novels) and cultivating friendships like Flaubert, Dumas, Goncourt and Gautier; the first woman who took part in the famous "Magny dinner", was where the most illustrious intellectuals gathered.

He died at the age of 72, victim of a bowel obstruction.


His first novels: Indiana (1832), Valentine (1832), Lélia (1833), Jacques (1834), Mauprat (1837), the companion of the return to France (1840) and Consuelo (1840), are defined as passionate, as the author defends in them the passion of love against the social conventions.

He wrote also notable countryside novels, like the dam of the Devil (1846), the little Fadette (1849) and the master Pipers (1853). It would be impossible to cite his vast work, consisting of 143 volumes of novels, stories, 49 various writings and 24 comedies.

His abundant correspondence was published in 25 volumes by George Lubin.

In 2004, on the occasion of the bicentennial of his birth, was reedited many of his works, including his autobiographical work story of my life. Also in this year, the romantic Museum in Paris dedicated to George Sand an exhibition that recreated the universe of the writer.