Biography of Julio María Sanguinetti Coirolo (1936-VVVV)

Julio María Sanguinetti.

Politician, lawyer and Uruguayan journalist, born in Montevideo on January 6, 1936. Of Genoese ancestry, graduated in the Faculty of law and Social Sciences of Montevideo in 1961.

From his youth he was linked to the Colorado Party, for which he worked from 1953 to 1955 as editor of the weekly Canelones. Then, in the latter year it became chronicler of the daily action, for which covered the victory of Fidel Castro in 1959 and the Conference of Foreign Ministers of the OAS in 1960. He also worked, between 1973 and 1981, as a columnist and political editor of the Dia.en political career, was elected member of the House of Commons for the constituency of Montevideo in three consecutive terms (1963, 1966 and 1971), holding his seat until the military coup of June 27, 1973. During these sessions, he was member editor and informant of the constitutional reform of 1967 and the Commission Adviser of the President of the Republic to the Conference of Presidents of the OAS.He held the ministerial portfolios of industry and Commerce (1970-1971), education and culture (1972). During the six months he was titular of this last Ministry - resigned as a result of the arrest by the military and processing of the President of the Colorado Party, Jorge Batlle - carried out the plan of restructuring of the National Museum of fine arts and encouraged artistic creation and popular dissemination of the arts.Disciple of former President Luis Batlle, who governed Uruguay from 1952 to 1960, was one of the leading politicians who participated in the talks with the military Government from 1981 to 1984, to resume the democratization of the country.In the internal of the Colorado Party, in November 1982, elections the grouping unit and reform that he headed won the majority, which led him to the General Secretariat of training in 1983.Designado candidate of the Colorado Party for the elections of November 25, 1984, won the victory, which allowed him to become President for a term of five years and end 12 years of dictatorship.By constitutional prohibition was not candidate in the presidential elections of 1989, in which the white Party took power. On February 28, 1990 you were dismissed as head of State, and the following day handed over the presidential sash to Luis Alberto Lacalle of the national party (white).Sanguinetti accomplishments during this first term were: the consolidation of a democratic system, interior respect between all the political forces, the recovery of the prestige which his country had lost in abroad, economic recovery, the increase in exports and the increase in real wages; While recognizing outstanding issues such as the restructuring of the State, inflation control and the improvement of productivity.

Presidential candidate for the Colorado Party in the election of November 27, 1994, Sanguinetti won his second election victory becoming the President of end of the century, after having ruled during the period of democratic transition and after twelve years of military rule. This result of the polls confirmed significant variations in Uruguayan political reality, the main of which was that it ended the traditional two-party system of the Colorado Party and white, he joined then left front Amplio.El narrow Coalition election victory margin and the new Uruguayan political map forced the Government of Sanguinetti to negotiate with other political sectors the necessary parliamentary majority.

His professional Studio in Montevideo suffered two attacks during 1992, April 29 and June 27, which only caused material damage in your files. That same year, where he gave several lectures in Europe, published his book the year 501, prefaced by Felipe González and former Bolivian President Jaime Paz Zamora, where he collects his thoughts on the celebrations of the V centenary of the discovery as well as the future challenges that face democracies in Latin America.

In addition, he is author of scope and applications of the new Constitution, the nation, nationalism and other ISMS and Pedro Figari. The Almeida.Entre case, is in possession of the following awards: order of Boyacá (Colombia), the Sun of Peru, order of Malta, order of Isabel the Catholic, national order of El Salvador, coat of arms of the city of Mexico and Grand Collar of the order Mexican of the Eagle Azteca.esta married to Marta Canessa and have two sons: Julio Luis and Emma.