Biography of Apóstol Santiago (s. I)

Apostle and Patron Saint of Spain, nicknamed the elder, son of Zebedee and brother of the also the Apostle and evangelist Juan. He/She was a native of Bethsaida, and ranked third on the list of the twelve chosen by the Lord as his Apostles.

El Apóstol Santiago in the Pórtico de la Gloria of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela.

Santiago was present in various circumstances in which Jesus had interest were witnesses except some of his Apostles. Thus, closely witnessed the miraculous catch of fish in the sea of Tiberias, it was part of the scene of the Transfiguration of Jesus and saw Christ in Gethsemane sweat blood.

The persuasion that Santiago had preached the Gospel in the confines of the West is widespread since antiquity: according to tradition, came specifically to Spain by the 35 year of the Christian era. In Jerusalem he/she was martyred by King Herod around the year 42.

After the Muslim invasion, the Apostle Santiago appears revered as head of Spain and patron of the Christian kingdoms. These proclaimed in the following centuries his gratitude by the protection of the Apostle in the defense of the faith and of the independence of the homeland, as well as for their assistance in the missionary activity that helped spread the Church all over the world. The height of the Ottoman Empire, the conquest of America, and the threat of Protestantism were also crucial in the diffusion of the Jacobean phenomenon. Compostela was thus supported the Hapsburgs and Bourbons, later until the Cortes of Cadiz ended their privileges.

His grave in Compostela, until our days, attracts countless pilgrims of all Christendom. The Popes have granted to their sanctuary called Jacobean Jubilee every four years.