Biography of King of Asiria Sargón II (722-705 a.C.)

(Sharru-kinu or Shar-ru-ki-in) Assyrian king between the years 722-705 BC, one of the most important of the new empire. Access to the throne reached it by means of a coup d ' état, in which displaced Shalmaneser V. The facts of Sargón II, whose origin and personal name is unknown, is owned extensive information thanks to its annals and the inscriptions that have come down to us. Their first years of reign were full of difficulties, motivated by the society itself Assyrian, reluctant to lose their privileges, and the shadow of Babylon, where the heating Marduk-Apla-Iddina II had managed to seize the throne. Resolved, in part, social problems and made some small skirmishes by areas of Syria, the performance of Sargón II focused in Babylon, where failed to oust the usurper. Then, after dominating the region of Tabal (Cappadocia) and annex Carchemish, launched in 714 BC against Urartu, governed then by Russian I and Argishti II, country that plunders. So fixed the problem on the periphery of the Empire, Sargón II became again against Babylon and the Elam. Personally, Sargón II managed to encircle and defeat Marduk-Apla-Iddina II, who failed to capture, but yes earned him the conquest of large territories, which were organized in the provinces. In the end, in 710 BC, managed to take Babylon, whose Crown followed, returning to meet in his person the Akkadian double monarchy, although it retained its Assyrian name for the Babylonian throne. To make a policy of pacification and reconciliation married his son heir to Sennacherib with a Babylonian Aramaic origin call Naqi' to. The King of Phrygia, Midas (the Mita of the Mushki, according to sources), the King of Dilmun, Uperi, and seven princes of Latnana (Cyprus) came to pay homage and fidelity to Sargón II. The Assyrian Empire had never had so much power. With much of the accumulated riches, Sargón II was dedicated to the task of building his new capital, Dur Sarrukin (current Khorsabad), which acquired large and beautiful monuments, solemnly inaugurated it in the year 706 BC The following year came the death of the King, that happened in the course of a fight against the Kingdom of Tabal, in Cappadocia. His son Sennacherib succeeded him on the throne.