Biography of Oscar Luigi Scalfaro (1918-2012)

Italian politician, born in Novara on September 9, 1918 and died in Rome on January 29, 2012. President of the Republic of Italy from 1992 to 1999.

He started in politics working with anti-fascism from the Catholic Diocesan organizations in post-war. In 1946 he was elected Deputy to the constituent Assembly. He obtained his first position in the Government in the 1950s as Assistant Secretary and, in 1966, Aldo Moro entrusted the transport portfolio. He also held this position in the Governments of Giulio Andreotti and Giovanni Leóne. In the cabinets of Bettino Craxi was Minister of the Interior. From 1964 to 1966 he was Vice-Secretary of Democrazia Cristiana, and from 1968 to 1973, Vice President of the Chamber of Deputies. On May 25, 1992 he was elected President of Italy.

In the first months of 1993 began to be known the investigation of 40 deputies accused of political corruption by the acceptance of commissions. Scalfaro proposed before this scandal the exit of the public life of the accused and the restitution of the money received illegally. Soon after, on March 7 refused to sign a decree of the Amato Government whereby you attempted to decriminalize illegal financing of political parties, by removing the Executive the text.

Carlo a. Ciampi took over as head of Government in April 1993, dictating him shortly after Scalfaro the three fundamental points that had developed in its mandate: the future electoral law, review of parliamentary immunity and the defense of the national currency.

In January 1994 he accepted the resignation of Ciampi and called general elections for March this year. The elections led to the headquarters of the Government in May 1994 Silvio Berlusconitelevision mogul. This was their first conflict in October of that year the not having been delivered the draft budget law, on which the President of the Republic exercises the control.

In December 1994 he gave Berlusconi and new Government formed in January 1995 Lamberto Dini. The resignation of Dini to continue leading the Government in December 1995, forcing Scalfaro to call elections for May 21, 1996, which was elected Prime Minister in May of that year, Romano Prodi. This presented his resignation in October of 1997, which did not accept even if did a year later; He was replaced by Massimo D'Alema. In May 1999 its mandate expired and replaced him which was head of Government and economy Minister, Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, whom Parliament supported by majority on the first ballot.