Biography of Egon Schiele (1890-1918)

Austrian painter, born near Vienna in 1890 and died 31 of October 1918 in that city, suffering from a flu. Despite his short career, this was an interesting development, and his work has left an important mark on 20th-century Austrian painting.

He started in the stream of Art Nouveau and received a great influence of the arabesques of Gustav Klimt, although his works were characterized by a more angular and nervous that the Klimt lines. From Art Nouveau was evolving toward Expressionism, attracted by his interest in the study of the human figure, which became the main theme of his work, mostly nudes. The taste for the curved lines led him to the representation of figures tormented and twisted, even though his nudes emanate authentically erotic feelings.

It is very characteristic, in his painting, hands treatment, which offers a great role, as you can see in one of his best-known works: female nude lying, painted during 1910 and 1911, and preserved in the Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza in Madrid. The drama of his figures and his deep despair stresses by the treatment of color distributed with strong stains and disjointed strokes.

His early death cut off not only a brilliant career, also reduced its influence and severed some promising achievements.

In 1998 presented a major retrospective in New York, Barcelona and Paris, while in March 2005, for the first time in the Netherlands in Amsterdam opened a major exhibition that included more than one hundred of works by Austrian artist. Also the Albertina Museum in Vienna, his home town, did the same in December 2005 with an anthology of two hundred and fifty works of the artist, the largest of all the made to date.


Martinez, Montserrat and STOCKMAN, Russell: Egon Schiele. Barcelona: 1998.

KOJA, Stephan: Klimt, Kokoschka, Schiele: a Viennese sleep. Madrid: 1995.

MARLOW, Tim: Schiele. Alcobendas, 1991.