German writer who was born in Marbach, Stuttgart, 1759 and died in Weimar on 9 May 1805.
His father was an officer of the army; in 1773 he joined as a cadet in the school military Duke Carlos Eugenio de Württemberg to access your service. He studied law and medicine, read the writings of Klopstock, Burger and Goethe. His first play, the robbers, 1781, was staged at the national theatre of the city of Mannheim, in 1782, and was a resounding success. In this drama, belonging to the Sturm und Drang, attacked the institutions of their time. He left the regiment without permission to attend the performance of the work; the Duke arrested him, ordering him to not re-enter. He fled to Mannheim, he traveled incessantly, before economic hardship, Wolzogen family welcomed him in Bauerbach, Thuringia. In 1783 he published the tragedy the conspiracy of Fiesco in Genoa, where looms the favorite subject of the author: the perversion of power. He returned to Mannheim as playwright of the Court. In 1784 the bourgeois drama love and deception was represented and made a speech as a new Member of the literary society: the scenario as a moral institution. He was in Leipzig and Dresden, and upon his return, became friends with Christian Gottfried Körner, who helped him overcome a severe personal crisis.
Highlights, in his poetry, odes entitled to joy, 1786; The gods of Greece, 1788; and artists, 1789. In 1787 Don Carlos, finalized the dramatic poem in verses of five yambicos feet, although in principle he wrote it in prose; the poem mixes family stories with political actions, the background is the liberation of the Netherlands against Felipe II. In 1789 he published the visionary; in this year, and at the suggestion of Goethe, he was appointed Professor of history at the University of Jena. In the speech input, (inspired by Kant and Herder) mean the universal story with which object studies it is?, he defended the thesis that history contributes to the development of humanity.
He studied at Homer and Euripides. The works of Shakespeare and Gozzi is represented in Weimar, so began a great work as a theatrical and literary critic in Germany. In 1790 he married Charlotte von Lengefeld and published history of the the thirty years war, history of the insurrection of the Netherlands, 1788, and of grace and dignity, 1793. The basis of collaboration between Schiller and Goethe was settled and became great friends; This friendship was born of Weimar classicism. He was also very attached to W. von Humboldt and Hölderlin. With the politico-cultural Treaty letters on the aesthetic education of man, 1975, tried the art to acquire cientifico-filosofica dignity. The policy should be guided by reason. In 1796, alongside Goethe, he wrote epigrams Xenias; in 1797 he wrote ballads Ibico cranes, in competition with Goethe, which a year later were published in the Almanac of the muses and the diver. With ballads became definitively of subjectivism youth to have a universal vision. 1798 is the first part of the Wallenstein trilogy, consisting of: the camp of Wallenstein, 1796; The Piccolomini, 1797-98; and the death of Wallenstein, 1798-99. In this drama replaced the idealistic hero for the main character built in a realistic way. In 1799 he wrote the campaign song; in 1800 he published the naive and sentimental poetry essay, where he distanced himself from Goethe, clarifying the reasons for his own and personal style. 1801 are the following works: from the sublime, María Estuardo and the maid of Orleans. In 1802 he received a noble title and settled in Weimar, where he is represented, in 1803, the bride of Messina, also inspired by classical Greek tragedy; It highlights, in the preface to the work, the importance of the choir.Guillermo Tell, Swiss national hero based on which the work is 1804. Demetrius left incomplete. He died of a lung condition, but not before attend the triumphal performance of many of his dramas.
The work of Schiller is regarded as a classic of German literature. He influenced Coleridge, Carlyle, Constant and Pushkin. His work has had a profound relationship with the music, from the hymn to joy, to which Beethoven set to music at the end of the Ninth Symphony, even the operas of Verdi, extracted from the schillerianos dramas.