Biography of Christian Frederich Daniel Schubart (1739-1791)

Writer, musician and German publicist, born at Obersontheim (Württemberg) in 1739 and died in Stuttgart in 1791. Son of a vicar, Schubart studied theology at the University of Erlangen. Divided between a pietistic character sentimentality and the momentum of the Sturm und Drang, began his career working as a tutor and organist. In 1764 he married Helene Bühler. The marriage failed to make him a responsible man and, shortly after having achieved a position of maestro di cappella in Ludwigsburg, was fired and expelled from the region due to his libertine behavior and his infidelities. It participated in the drafting of a newspaper, the Deutsche Chronik (German Chronicle, 1774-1777), first in Augsburg and later in Ulm, which earned him the wrath of your Lord, the Duke Karl Eugen von Württemberg, who ordered his arrest in 1777 and kept him locked up for ten years, in miserable conditions, in the fortress of Hohenasperg, at the outskirts of Ludwigsburg. These ten years, he was appointed theatre and musical director of Stuttgart.

His journalistic talents were captured in the German Chronicle, which had a print run of 3,000 copies. She, contributors, members all political opposition in the South of Germany, were protesting against the clergy, especially the Jesuits, of judges and, ultimately, against the arbitrariness of the Princes. Most of the literary works of Schubart, both those written in their years of arrest and everyone else, are composed in a popular style that expresses constantly, in a tone of regret, a critique of social character. As the most significant highlight narration Zur Geschichte des menschlichen Herzens (history of the human heart, 1775), and Die Fürstengruft (the crypt of the Princes, 1780) and Kaplieder (songs of Cape, 1787) poems.

In his role as musician, his work includes, above all, 81 lieder, most with their own, very popular and Strophic form letters. His works for keyboard are less interesting, although his talent resided mainly in his virtuosity as an organist.